Contact Precautions: You should know them forwards and backwards

  1. 27
    One thing you are going to want to have down pat, is your contact precautions! Not only the PPE you should have on for each type of disease, but also what order to PPE off, what the patient should have on when being transported to another unit, what those transporting the patient should have on, the order in which you remove each piece of equipment, how often to perform hand hygeine and which diseases require which type of precaution.

    Standard Precautions: These are the safety measures that should be taken with all patients.

    1. wash your hands (*Most important step in infection control, prevents nosocomial infections)
    2. DON gloves (before coming in contact with anything wet, i.e. broken skin, mucous membranes, blood, body fluids, soiled instruments, contaminated waste materials.
    3. wash hands again upon removal of gloves and between patients

    Contact Precautions:

    Before entering:
    1.wash hands
    2. DON gown then gloves

    Upon entering:
    1. use disposable equipment when possible
    2. when not available clean and disinfect all equipment before removing from room

    Transporting patient:
    1. PT should perform hand hygeine and wear a clean gown
    2. For direct contact with pt, nurse or care provider should wear a gown and gloves.
    3. Notify receiving area

    Before leaving the patient's room:
    1. Remove gloves then gown
    2. Wash hands

    Contact Precautions Microorganisms:
    1. Antibiotic Resistant Organisms (Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureu (MRSA), Extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), Penicillin resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP), Multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP))
    2. Scabies
    3. Herpes Zoster (Shingles) localized
    4. Diarrhea, Clostrididum difficile

    Airborne Contact Precautions:

    Before entering:
    1.Wash hands
    2. Don N95 Respirator (Mask)
    3. Don gown then gloves

    *Negative Pressure Isolation Room KEEP DOOR CLOSED

    Transporting patient:
    1. Patient must wear a surgical or procedure mask and a clean gown
    2. Patient must wash hands
    3. For direct contact with pt, nurse or care provider should wear a gown and gloves.
    4. Notify receiving area

    Before leaving pt's room:
    1. Remove gloves then gown NOT N95 mask
    2. Wash hands

    After leaving pt's room:
    1. Shut door
    2. Wash hands
    3. Remove N95 mask
    4. Wash hands

    Airborne Contact Precautions Microorganisms:
    1. Measles (Rubeola)
    2. Tuberculosis (TB)
    3. Chicken Pox (Varicella-Zoster virus)
    4. Herpes Zoster (Shingles) disseminated

    Droplet Contact Precautions:

    Before Entering:
    1. Wash Hands
    2. DON Mask and Eye Protection
    3. DON Gown then Gloves

    Patient Transport:
    1. Pt must perform hand hygeine
    2. Pt must wear a surgical or procedure mask and clean gown
    3. For direct contact with pt, nurse or care provider should wear a gown and gloves.
    4. Notify receiving area

    Before Leaving Pt's Room:
    1. Remove gloves then gown
    2. Wash Hands
    3. Remove eye protection and mask
    4. Wash Hands

    Droplet Contact Precautions Microorganisms:
    1. Influenza (Flu)
    2. Viral Respiratory tract infections (adenovirus, parainfluenza, rhinovirus, RSV)
    3. Streptococcus group A pharyngitis, pneumonia, scarlet fever
    4. Neisseria meningitidis invasive infections
    5. H. Influenzae type b invasive infections
    6. Pertussis
    7. Rubella
    8. Mumps

    Happy Studying :typing
    LMags14, Thinley, CeceStar5, and 24 others like this.
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  3. 46 Comments so far...

  4. 0
    thank you so much, I'm printing this out to put in my "big binder of handy stuff".
  5. 0
    excellent resource. Thank you!
  6. 0
    "before leaving the patient's room:
    1. remove gloves then gown
    2. wash hands"

    david, i'm a bit concern about this statement - if i remove my glove first then gown as you wrote, my hands will get in contact with the outer part of my gown and i would actually be contaminated... am i the only one seeing things this way???
  7. 1
    Quote from marcy74
    "before leaving the patient's room:
    1. remove gloves then gown
    2. wash hands"

    david, i'm a bit concern about this statement - if i remove my glove first then gown as you wrote, my hands will get in contact with the outer part of my gown and i would actually be contaminated... am i the only one seeing things this way???

    the reason for the gloves being removed first is because the ties of the gown are not contaminated...just the same as when you remove a mask from your face. you want to make sure you have removed your gloves prior to to that...remember you are touching the ties, not the actual gown itself.
    2brichielpn08 likes this.
  8. 2
    Quote from soon2bRN516
    The reason for the gloves being removed first is because the ties of the gown are not contaminated...just the same as when you remove a mask from your face. You want to make sure you have removed your gloves prior to to that...REMEMBER you are touching the ties, not the actual gown itself.

    soon2bRN516 is right. When removing the gown you remove your gloves first like I mentioned and discard them in the trash can. Next, you would pull your hands back through the sleeve holes being careful not to touch the outer contaminated portion of the gown. You can now either grab the ties or any part of the interior of the gown and roll it over itself into a ball and discard of it in the appropriate trash can, depending on what it came into contact with. Good question though, thank you for asking.
    Btdthat08 and CrystalClear75 like this.
  9. 0
    Thanks, this is great david.cummiskey!!!
  10. 0
    Quote from lnmorr80
    Thanks, this is great david.cummiskey!!!
    No prob
  11. 0
    Dont forget that a patient with RSV virus in addition to droplet contact precaution will be put also on the contact precautions,otherwise this is great,thank you very much,I'm printing this out
  12. 0
    My rationale for removing the gloves first is that you want to remove the most soiled equipment which in my opinion is the gloves since it is the hands that touch many different contaminated subjects,then loosen up the ties on the back of your gown and then then remove the gown,wash your hands (remeber here you going close to oral route;so you want to have your hands clean before they come into close contact with your hands...


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