Drawing blood from PICC lines
- 0Feb 3, '03 by rileygrl11I work on an Oncology unit where many pts have PICC lines. there are 3 drs that routinely start them for us. These drs say that we are not to use them to draw blood for labs. They have said that this will cause the line to collapse. At my hospital, the RN has to do lab draws from central lines/PICCS. Some RN's abide by this and have lab stick the patient for labs. Other RN's draw blood from the PICC reason being,....they don't have any veins to begin with (which is why they have the PICC). I would like to get your opinion on this. I am a fairly new grad and have made waves with this. I used to draw blood from them until I learned the drs said not to. So now I refuse to do it and have lab do it (often times they are unable to get enough blood or can't find a good vein). Just curious. Thanks!
- 0Feb 3, '03 by VivaLasViejas, ASN, RN GuideYou should not be drawing blood through PICC lines if the doctor ordering the labs says not to. This is something that needs to be brought to the attention of the people who make policy at your facility; it's up to them to determine whether or not this is OK. However, it sounds like the MDs need some education on this issue, because blood can easily be drawn this way as long as you are careful. I've always done it by withdrawing the blood a little at a time, both to avoid hemolyzing the sample and to prevent damage to the catheter, and then flushing the line per manufacturer's instructions. Never had a problem yet, except of course when the line was no longer patent for some other reason.
- 0Feb 3, '03 by Jay-JayI have often done blood draws on PICC lines in the community. You have to know what type of line it is, however. Some have special one-way valves that can be damaged by pulling back on a syringe. Read up on it, educate yourself, then, if necessary, educate the doctors. Why should we stick a patient with poor venous access if they have a PICC or central line (Hickman, etc.) in place??
- 0Feb 3, '03 by SleepyeyesOur guidelines state that we can draw from a PICC but only from lumens equal to or larger than 0.5 French. So maybe the size of the lumens have something to do with it?
Midlines cannot be drawn from; the catheter is too soft and will collapse.
We are not allowed to draw from a PICC when the pt has a heparin gtt, for obvious reasons.
- 0Feb 3, '03 by nightingaleCould we talk about what the protocol says? I remember ours as Flush and draw using a 10 cc (using a smaller syringe creates too much pressure)>
Flush with 10cc NS
Draw 7CC - waste
Draw needed amount of blood for lab test
Flush with another 10cc (Creating turbulence)
Then rehook to running IV or flush with 3cc Heparin (with a 10cc syringe)
---- Check your protocol.... but using 3cc syringe is a BIG no no...
Great topic to discuss...