Mnemonics and Memory Aids

  1. 45 The HYPERKALEMIA "Machine" - Causes of Increased Serum K+
    M - Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS
    A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory
    C - Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury
    H - Hypoaldosteronism, hemolysis
    I - Intake - Excesssive
    N - Nephrons, renal failure
    E - Excretion - Impaired
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  3. Visit  VickyRN profile page

    About VickyRN

    VickyRN has '16' year(s) of experience and specializes in 'Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds'. From 'Under the shadow of His wings...'; Joined Mar '01; Posts: 12,046; Likes: 6,468.

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  4. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    22
    murder
    signs and symptoms of increased serum k+

    • m - muscle weakness
    • u - urine, oliguria, anuria
    • r- respiratory distress
    • d - decreased cardiac contractility
    • e - ecg changes
    • r - reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)
    cocoluv06, Mocha623, bella14k, and 19 others like this.
  5. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    19
    hypernatremia
    "you are fried"


    f - fever (low grade), flushed skin
    r - restless (irritable)
    i - increased fluid retention and increased bp
    e - edema (peripheral and pitting)
    d - decreased urinary output, dry mouth

    can also use this one:

    salt

    s = skin flushed
    a = agitation
    l = low-grade fever
    t = thirst
    Last edit by VickyRN on Mar 4, '06
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  6. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    15
    "cats" of "hypocalcemia"

    c - convulsions
    a- arrhythmias
    t - tetany
    s - spasms and stridor
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  7. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    11
    memory joggers - awesome web resource!

    to remember which blood types are compatible, visualize the letter “o” as an orb representing the universe, because type o blood is the universal donor blood. patients with any blood type can receive it. but o also means “odd man out”: patients with type o blood can receive only type o blood. think beep to remember the signs of minor bleeding:
    b: bleeding gums
    e: ecchymoses (bruises)
    e: epistaxis (nosebleed)
    p: petechiae (tiny purplish spots)

    having difficulty distinguishing hypoplasia from hyperplasia? when you see plasia in any word, think of "plastic." plastic, in turn, means forming or developing. as for hypo and hyper, that’s the easy part. hypo means under, or below normal. hyper means excessive, or above normal. thus, hypoplasia means underdevelopment, and hyperplasia means overdevelopment.

    a stand-up comedian who gets no laughs might say his audience has humoral immunity. but humor is the latin word for “liquid,” and humoral immunity comes from elements in the blood — specifically, antibodies. contrast this with cellular immunity, which comes about through the actions of t cells.

    "hook" for serum sickness: each letter stands for a key sign or symptom of serum sickness.
    f: fever
    a: arthralgias
    r: rash
    m: malaise


    esp for skin biopsy? the three different techniques — excision, shave, or punch — used to secure a skin biopsy specimen.
    - and much more!
    Last edit by VickyRN on Mar 4, '06
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  8. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    9
    memory joggers for pathophysiology

    to remember the four causes of cell injury, think of how the injury tipped (or tipd) the scale of homeostasis:
    t: toxin or other lethal (cytotoxic) substance
    i: infection
    p: physical insult or injury
    d: deficit, or lack of water, oxygen, or nutrients.


    when asking assessment questions, remember the american cancer society's mnemonic device caution:
    c: change in bowel or bladder habits
    a: a sore that doesn't heal
    u: unusual bleeding or discharge
    t: thickening or lump
    i: indigestion or difficulty swallowing
    o: obvious changes in a wart or mole
    n: nagging cough or hoarseness.


    use the abcd rule to assess a mole's malignant potential:
    a: asymmetry--is the mole irregular in shape?
    b: border--is the border irregular, notched, or poorly defined?
    c: color--does the color vary (for example, between shades of brown, red, white, blue, or black)?
    d: diameter--is the diameter more than 6 mm?
    Nursem20, cocoluv06, Mocha623, and 6 others like this.
  9. Visit  princess_g63 profile page
    1
    these are very helpful thanks!!! does anyone have anything helpful about ABGs fluid and electrolytes we have alot of info covered in a small time on test tues anything would be appreciated... have a good one!!!!
    Sulyan likes this.
  10. Visit  VickyRN profile page
    6
    Quote from princess_g63
    these are very helpful thanks!!! does anyone have anything helpful about ABGs fluid and electrolytes we have alot of info covered in a small time on test tues anything would be appreciated... have a good one!!!!
    Here's one tidbit for ABG's:

    ROME

    Respiratory Opposite
    Metabolic Equal
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  11. Visit  sharann profile page
    2
    Now that you ask I am drawing a blank.
    The main one I always remember and applies to any and every nurse always is one you already know:
    A,B, C
    Airway
    Breathing
    Circulation
    Everything else will follow
    cocoluv06 and Mocha623 like this.
  12. Visit  jgwe4e profile page
    1
    Re ekg lead placement:
    White on the right, smoke (black) over fire (red)
    finalscore3b1g likes this.
  13. Visit  OURN83 profile page
    2
    APE TO MAN

    Atrial, Pulmonic, Erb's point, Tricuspid, Matrial

    I'm a first semester nursing student.. Just learned that last week for listening to heart sounds.
    Last edit by OURN83 on Mar 11, '06
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  14. Visit  OURN83 profile page
    2
    PAASS
    Purpose, Action, Adverse reactions, Safe dose range and Special nursing precautions.
    cocoluv06 and Randysbarn1963 like this.
  15. Visit  OURN83 profile page
    1
    Quote from OURN83
    APE TO MAN

    Atrial, Pulmonic, Erb's point, Tricuspid, Matrial

    I'm a first semester nursing student.. Just learned that last week for listening to heart sounds.
    OR

    ALL People Enjoy Time Magazine
    RNintraining72 likes this.


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