Mnemonics and Memory Aids

Updated | Posted
by VickyRN VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN Member Nurse

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience.

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The HYPERKALEMIA "Machine" - Causes of Increased Serum K+

M Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS

A Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory

C Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury

H Hypoaldosteronism, hemolysis

 I  Intake - Excessive

N Nephrons, renal failure

E Excretion - Impaired

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

mnemonic-murder-increased-serum-k.jpg

Murder - Signs and symptoms of increased serum k+

  •  M  Muscle weakness
  •  U  Urine, oliguria, anuria
  •  R  Respiratory distress
  •  D  Decreased cardiac contractility
  •  E  EKG changes
  •  R  Reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

mnemonic-HYPERNATREMIA-you-are-fried.jpg

Hypernatremia- "You are fried!"

F - Fever (low grade), flushed skin

R - Restless (irritable)

I - Increased fluid retention and increased bp

E - Edema (peripheral and pitting)

D - Decreased urinary output, dry mouth

Can also use this one: Salt

S - Skin flushed

A - Agitation

L - Low-grade fever

T - Thirst

Edited by Joe V

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

mnemonic-CATS-hypocalcemia.jpg

"Cats" of "Hypocalcemia"

C Convulsions

A Arrhythmias

T Tetany

S Spasms and stridor

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

Memory Joggers - awesome web resource!

Quote
To remember which blood types are compatible, visualize the letter - as an orb representing the universe, because type o blood is the universal donor blood. Patients with any blood type can receive it. But o also means odd man out: patients with type o blood can receive only type o blood. Think beep to remember the signs of minor bleeding:

B - Bleeding gums

E - Ecchymoses (bruises)

E - Epistaxis (nosebleed)

P - Petechiae (tiny purplish spots)

Having difficulty distinguishing hypoplasia from hyperplasia? When you see plasia in any word, think of "plastic." Plastic, in turn, means forming or developing. As for hypo and hyper, that's the easy part. Hypo means under, or below normal. Hyper means excessive, or above normal. Thus, hypoplasia means underdevelopment, and hyperplasia means overdevelopment.

A stand-up comedian who gets no laughs might say his audience has humoral immunity. But humor is the latin word for liquid, and humoral immunity comes from elements in the blood — specifically, antibodies. contrast this with cellular immunity, which comes about through the actions of t cells.

"hook" for serum sickness: each letter stands for a key sign or symptom of serum sickness.

F - Fever

A - Arthralgias

R - Rash

M - Malaise

For skin biopsy? The 3 different techniques excision, shave, or punch used to secure a skin biopsy specimen.

- and much more!

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

Memory Joggers for Pathophysiology

Quote
To remember the 4 causes of cell injury, think of how the injury tipped (or tipd) the scale of homeostasis:

T - Toxin or other lethal (cytotoxic) substance

I - Infection

P - Physical insult or injury

D - Deficit, or lack of water, oxygen, or nutrients.

When asking assessment questions, remember the American Cancer Society's mnemonic device caution:

C - Change in bowel or bladder habits

A - A sore that doesn't heal

U - Unusual bleeding or discharge

T - Thickening or lump

I - Indigestion or difficulty swallowing

O - Obvious changes in a wart or mole

N - Nagging cough or hoarseness.

Use the abcd rule to assess a mole's malignant potential:

A - symmetry--is the mole irregular in shape?

B - Border--is the border irregular, notched, or poorly defined?

C - Color--does the color vary (for example, between shades of brown, red, white, blue, or black)?

D - Diameter--is the diameter more than 6 mm?

princess_g63

princess_g63

Specializes in LABOR/ DELIVERY/ POSTPARTUM/NEWBORN NURS. 11 Posts

These are very helpful thanks!!! Does anyone have anything helpful about ABGs fluid and electrolytes we have a lot of info covered in a small time on test Tues anything would be appreciated... Have a good one!!!!;)

Edited by Joe V

VickyRN, MSN, DNP, RN

Specializes in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, peds. Has 16 years experience. 105 Articles; 5,349 Posts

princess_g63 said:
These are very helpful thanks! Does anyone have anything helpful about ABGs fluid and electrolytes we have a lot of info covered in a small time on test tues anything would be appreciated... Have a good one!!

Here's one tidbit for ABG's:

R Respiratory

O Opposite

M Metabolic

E Equal

sharann

sharann, BSN, RN

1,758 Posts

Now that you ask I am drawing a blank. The main one I always remember and applies to any and every nurse always is one you already know:

A, B, C

A - Airway

B - Breathing

C - Circulation

Everything else will follow

jgwe4e

jgwe4e

29 Posts

EKG lead placement:

White on the right, smoke (black) over fire (red)

Edited by Joe V

OURN83

OURN83

127 Posts

APE TO MAN

Atrial, Pulmonic, Erb's point, Tricuspid, Matrial

I'm a first semester nursing student.. Just learned that last week for listening to heart sounds.

OURN83

OURN83

127 Posts

PAASS

Purpose, Action, Adverse reactions, Safe dose range and Special nursing precautions.