Mnemonics and Memory Aids - page 8

The HYPERKALEMIA "Machine" - Causes of Increased Serum K+ M - Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory C - Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury H... Read More

  1. by   turnforthenurse
    The 4 H's that invalidate a neuro exam:


    *Any Grey's Anatomy fans out there? Remember the episode where Meredith almost died? "You're not dead unless you're warm and dead"
  2. by   turnforthenurse
    Here are some mnemonics (that are especially helpful for critical care!)

    3 ICP waveforms: A is awful, B is bad and C is common

    Glasgow Coma Scale: #'s go low to high, with head to toe: eye, mouth, motor
    1. Eye opening (1-4)
    2. Verbal response (1-5)
    3. Best Motor response (1-6)

    Glasgow Coma Scale: If they're <8, they intubate!

    To remember DECEREBRATE posturing, it is abnormal extension. Their hands look like the flippers of a seal - Think DESEALEBRATE!

    Pinpoint pupils: Drugs, drops & nearly dead
    Drugs: opiates
    Drops: meds for glaucoma
    Nearly dead: damage in the pons area of the brainstem

    Dilated pupils: Fear, Fits & Fast Living
    Fear: panic, extreme anxiety
    Fits: seizures
    Fast Living: cocaine, crack, phencyclidine (PCP)

    The pathophysiology of ARDS:
    Assault on the respiratory system
    Respiratory distress
    Decreased lung compliance
    Severe respiratory failure

    Diagnostic criteria of ARDS
    Acute onset
    Ratio (PaCO2/FiO2) <200
    Diffuse infiltration
    Swan-Ganz wedge pressure (PAWP) <18mm Hg

    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) Type II (hypoventilation) criteria: 50/50 Rule
    PaCO2 >50
    PaO2 <50 (on >50% oxygen)

    Difference between A/C (or ACV) and SIMV ventilation:
    [B]A[B]/C: Always Assists (patient effort triggers vent breath delivery!
    SIMV: Sometimes assists

    Calculating MAP: 1 Systolic + 2 Diastolic divided by 3

    [B]A[B]lpha 1 Receptor stimulation: arteries & arterioles
    Causes vasoconstriction when stimulated which increases afterload

    dobutamine (Dobutrex) stimulates beta 1 receptors (increase contractility & CO/CI)

    Treatment of all acute coronary syndromes (unstable angina, NSTEMI or STEMI): OADH
    Open coronary arteries

    Here, think MONA greets all MI's:
    Aspirin (CHEWED)

    Anticoagulate & antiplatelet
    [B]D[B]estress the heart (with beta blockers; limited activity for 12h)
    Hemodynamic stability

    Complications of thrombolytic therapy: The 3 B's
    Brady's (dysrhythmias)
    Bloodclots (d/t excessive thrombin)

    Complications of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB): The 3 H's
    Hypothermia (to decrease O2 consumption)...Effects SVR (vasoconstriction) and causes myocardial depression (decreases contractility)
    Hemodilution (to improve macrocirculation)...fluid shifting (third-spacing), e-lyte imbalances (K+, Mg+ & Ca++ often need replacing!)
    Heparinzation (to prevent clots in circuit)...monitor aPTT.

    Signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade (Beck's Triad): The Three D's
    Distant heart sounds
    Distended jugular veins
    Decreased pulse pressure (think of a narrow pulse pressure as opposed to a wide one)

    Atrial Arrhythmias: ABCDE
    Adenosine/amiodorone or anticoagulate (if Afib/Flutter has been present >48h)
    Beta blockers
    Calcium channel blockers
    Electrocardiovert (if <48h)

    For ventricular arrhythmias: AL

  3. by   KimW808
    N - Naproxen
    S - Salicylates
    A - Advil
    I - Ibuprofen
    D - Diclofenac
    S - Sulinclac

    8 A's for Hepatotoxic Drugs (Check SGPT/SGOT)
    S - sodium Luminal
    G - gabapentin
    P - phenytoin
    T - tegretol
    Antifamily (contraceptice pills)

    Breast self examination (i made a song out of this)
    ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫1 little 2, little 3 little fingers
    Do BSE 7 days after menses
    Press nipple once check for discharge
    Call your doctor
    I'm sure you will do it more...♫ ♪ ♪ ♫
  4. by   OneDayAttaTime
    My personal favorite (and it might have already been listed) is the side effects of anticholinergics: Can't see (blurred vision), can't pee (urinary retention), can't spit (dry mouth), can't sh*t (constipation)
  5. by   kristandrews
    We learned a trick for remembering which anticoagulant goes with each test.
    Hold up all 10 fingers & put down one finger for each letter of "Coumadin". You'll have 2 fingers left, and you use a PT (which is only 2 letters!).

    with heparin, do the same thing & you'll have 3 fingers left. You use a PTT (3 letters) with a heparin patient!
  6. by   nyashan
    i am sure this thread will become VERY useful in the very near future!
  7. by   KimW808
    N - Naproxen
    S - Salicylates
    A - Advil
    I - Ibuprofen
    D - Diclofenac
    S - Sulinclac

    8 A's for Hepatotoxic Drugs (Check SGPT/SGOT)
    S - sodium Luminal
    G - gabapentin
    P - phenytoin
    T - tegretol
    Antifamily (contraceptice pills)
  8. by   chinacatSN
    hi, i'm a nursing student and i have a test on fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base balance tomorrow! this has been one of the most difficult tests to study for - feel like i've been studying non stop! and i'm an a student and study a lot anyway, so that's saying a lot! anyway, since typing things out helps me retain information and since i'd like to help anyone else out there who needs it, i'm going to type up all of my mnemonics and tips for the subject of electrolytes and acid base balance. some have already been posted here, some haven't, and some were created by me...i figure it doesn't hurt to put any repeats in again! hope this helps!


    for people who can't remember what the name for high sodium in the blood (hyperkalemia? hypercloremia?, etc) - see the red "na" above? well, na is the chemical symbol for sodium, hence hypernatremia. learned that in a&p and it helped.
    signs and symptoms of hypernatremia - salt or fried

    kin flushed
    low grade fever


    fever, flushed skin
    increased fluid retention
    decreased urine output, dry mouth

    causes of hypernatremia

    medications, meals
    osmotic diuretics
    diabetes insipidus
    excessive water loss
    low water intake

    signs and symptoms

    tendon reflexes decreased

    limp muscles
    orthostatic hypotension
    stomach cramps
    signs and symptoms

    muscle weakness
    urine - oliguria, anuria
    respiratory distress
    decreased cardiac contractility
    ecg changes
    reflexes - hyperreflexia, areflexia


    kayexalate - oral/rectal
    na hco3 (sodium bicarb)

    signs and symptoms

    6 l's
    leg cramps
    limp muscles
    low, shallow respirations
    lethal cardiac dysrhythmias
    lots of urine (polyuria)
    signs and symptoms

    i remember by the rhyme: groans, moans, bones, stones, and overtones

    groans: constipation
    moans: pain - joint aches
    bones: loss of calcium from bones, bone metastasis
    stones: kidney stones
    overtones: psychiatric overtones - depression, confusion


    signs and symptoms

    pasms, stridor

    alkalosis and acidosis

    alkalosis - has a 'k' - kicking the ph up
    acidosis - has a 'd' - dropping the ph down

    solutions: isotonic, hypotonic, hypertonic

    isotonic - "same as i" - the solution used will be the same as normal body fluid composition. fluids remain inside intravascular space.

    hypotonic - "hypo, hippo" - the solution pulls fluid from the intravascular space into the icf - the cell "swells like a hippo".
    ph>7.45 & pco2<35 = respiratory alkalosis
    ph<7.35 & pco2>45 = respiratory acidosis
    ph>7.45 & hco3>26 = metabolic alkalosis
    ph<7.35 & hco3<22 = metabolic acidosis

  9. by   jkillea
    For remembering the coronary arteries and which side they are on:

    I have a RIGHT to CAMP if you LEFT off the AC

    Right = Right
    M=Marginal Artery
    P=Posterior Interventricular Artery

    A=Anterior Interventricular Artery
    C=Circumflex Artery

    I have test tomorrow, I hope this helps me
  10. by   1chaoticSN
    I found this website years ago, its full of mnemonics....
  11. by   Giveheart
    This thread should be a sticky!
  12. by   sgoldberg3413
    Does anyone have a mnemonic for fetal circulation that includes ductus venous, ductus arteriosum, foramen ovale?

    Thanks in advance
  13. by   sunnsmiles
    I have one for umbilical cord/placental circulation - kind of silly but I Never forgot it after this!!
    2 A's (areolas)
    over 1 V (vagina)

    two umbilical arteries and one umbilical vein.

    Sorry I don't know one with ductus venous, ductus arteriosum and foramen ovale sgoldberg!