Medication tidbits an ER nurse should always know - page 2

Hi all...I am currently doing an externship in the ER and even though I can't administer medications, I've picked up on a lot of important facts you have to remember about certain medications from... Read More

  1. by   Robublind
    IV pepcid - put in 50ml bag of ns and drip it in over 10min.(less likely to drop BP)
    Morphine/diluadid iv no matter the age put them on a pulse 02(Ive had young ones tank) and doc a bp prior to adm.
    IM (expect tetnanus) goes in the ventral gluteal (expect peds) and no matter the drug, "its going to hurt like a ***** tomorrow".
    Peds Meds -have someone double check dose and math.
    Call pharmacy on all peds IV antibotics
    If you can put it on a pump, put it on a pump.
    Peds fluids- if you are going to bolus 240ml of ns, hang a 250ml bag
    not the 1L bag.
    K+ I always ask for 80ml/hr ns to run in the y-port. I don't have time to ice it.

    Get two 250ml bags of ns, 20ml syringe and a rocker from the lab.
    Pull 18ml ns from the bag and as slow as you can, add the ns, drip it into the vial, you need 4- 6 vials at a time .Place the vials on the rocker until its mixed. Dont try to mix it by hand. Slowly add the crofab to the second bag
    THANK YOU FOR THIS... I am a recent license RN, I am printing this for future reference.

    Quote from Esme12
    The biggest thing is to follow your hospitals policy and procedure manual for administering IV your pharmacy.....look up everything before giving it, especially if you have never given it before. The are no short cuts to memorization and repetition. Every unit has their IV med are some examples of those.......these meds so common ot the critical care areas are one of the reasons it is difficult for new grads to start in these fast paced areas.

    How frequently you monitor a patient depends on the patient and the patients condition....but remember you are giving the med for a reason....monitor the patient for changes/relief.

    Good Luck on your nursing journey!

    IV meds.....
  3. by   Esme12
    You're welcome...
  4. by   nursemae
    Decadron's not the only crotch-burner! Other steroids like SoluMedrol/SoluCortef can do it too. Dilute and push 'em slow on the high port. Ditto on IV Benadryl, it can really make people feel freaky if you push it fast and/or on a low port.Watch IV Vanco, always on a pump, always diluted right (I've seen several newer nurses over the years try putting it in 50 or 100ml bags), and if it's the first time they've ever had it run it extra slow!
  5. by   mariposa311
    Give amiodarone slowly over 2-3 minutes, even with a coding (i.e. dead) patient.

    I seriously would question giving phenergan to any geriatric pt, I would use Zofran if ok with doctor. Can put phenergan in a mini bag and give it as an infusion.

    (In orientation a doctor (old-school) ordered demerol and phenergan for a geriatric patient I had. I diluted it and pushed it very slowly - she went into respiratory arrest in front of her three daughters wound up in the ICU).

    I put everyone receiving IV narcotics on a heart rate/pulse ox monitor

    And yes, I dilute and push slowly the Dilaudid even on the Sicklers who sometimes get very mad about it because they don't get their rush.

    Also, like another poster mentioned - if the patient tells you that three doses of Dilaudid is the only thing that will take their pain away, it's always true

    Never give labetolol to a pt who has used cocaine. When you ask the first time they will say they didn't use cocaine. Right before you push it tell them that if they have used cocaine and you give them this medication they will die - and they'll tell you the truth then
  6. by   Christy1019
    Quote from RNstdntSVSU
    Hi all...I am currently doing an externship in the ER and even though I can't administer medications, I've picked up on a lot of important facts you have to remember about certain medications from watching my preceptor. Things like potassium and any other electrolytes always go on a pump with the pt on the monitor, bentyl is never given IVP, always put older people on a spo2 with narcs, IV antibiotics can make people hypotensive. I was just reading another thread about inapsine sending people into prolonged QT and arrhythimas which is something I've never heard even though we've given our pts inapsine. So I want to know...what are those things I should ALWAYS think about when giving certian meds? I'm sure theres a ton more out there!
    Pts don't absolutely need to be on a monitor for IV K+ or other electrolyte replacement unless their values are critically abnormal or pt is unstable. However they do need to be infused on a pump.
    Exception is if your facilities policy states otherwise and has enough cardiac monitors available.
  7. by   CraigB-RN
    Hmm. I"m going to have to do some research on that one. The majority of the references I've looked at so far have it listed as giving over at least 1 min. And a lot of policies that have added precautions for specialty populations.

    As to the lopressor vs hydralazine. If they are asymptomatic, a little catapress and some time go a long way.
  8. by   CraigB-RN
    I'm going to add a medication pearl to the list.

    Don't automatically trust anything your read on AllNurses or any other forum. Always, ALWAYS check with your facilities approved references or pharmacist before giving, and then if any question document.

    I document frequently things like this. "Medication administered at 10 mg/Min per hospital pharmacist"
  9. by   LAMtheRN
    I'm adding to some previous comments----any IV steroid CAN cause that burning sensation in the groin....old school nurses call it the Burning Bush.....LOL. Push slowly with a 10 cc flush to minimize this. I give most IMs in the ventrogluteal site as opposed to arm or buttocks. ALWAYS change the needle after drawing up IM med. This minimizes the pain. I know this from personal experience as Toradol is the only thing I take for migraine. I've actually had it administered during an ER shift and been able to get up and work 10 min later, no headache and no pain at site. For tetanus I use a small usually 5/8 needle, ask the patient which is their dominant arm, and use the other, and tell them it will be sore 2-3 days and this is normal. Don't forget to provide a strainer and explain its use to a kidney stone pt, and tell them the pain meds will NOT completely dissipate pain until it passes.
  10. by   happyinillinois
    Reglan makes people "have ants in their pants". If given too fast people must get up and move around and become a little wacky. Dilute and push slowly.
  11. by   DC Collins
    Nitro in any form. Have the IV in place first. Have a bag of NS hanging ready. I have seen it drop systolic BP 40+ points.

    DC :-)
  12. by   whichone'spink
    I suppose what I've learned is almost all IV push meds can be given slowly. And if possible, diluted. I once pushed Dilaudid a little faster than I should have, and the patient felt funny.
  13. by   Codeblue1969
    Quote from DC Collins
    Nitro in any form. Have the IV in place first. Have a bag of NS hanging ready. I have seen it drop systolic BP 40+ points.

    DC :-)
    I have found that unless someone is having a left ventricular infarct, large anterior infarct causing a substantial drop in ejection fraction, or pt took Erectile dysfunction med within last 24 hours, the drop in Bp is very transient. If your Pt's BP is high your usually okay with NTG sublingual due to its fast half life.