Published Sep 26, 2013
Which books do you recommend that helped you memorize meds/side effects? Thanks
Esme12, ASN, BSN, RN
Did you not have pharm in school? here is something another member has shared.....
♪♫ in my ♥ 20 Greetings.Attached are 12 Word documents which I made when I took pharmacology. All the information was based on the ATI study guide since that constituted the final exam in our class.They are formatted as 3x5 cards and were printed on individual 3x5 cards.Have at 'em if you think they'll help... they certainly worked for me.Again, they are entirely my own creation based on the information out of the ATI book. I make no promises as to their accuracy (though I rocked pharm so they couldn't be too bad).Feedback is welcome. Attached Files ATI Flash Cards 01, Overview.doc (133.5 KB, 21872 views) ATI Flash Cards 02, Antiinfectives.doc (275.0 KB, 14058 views) ATI Flash Cards 03, Medications Affecting Immune System.doc (188.5 KB, 9391 views) ATI Flash Cards 04, Medications for Pain and Inflammation.doc (214.0 KB, 10083 views) ATI Flash Cards 05, Medications Affecting the Nervous System.doc (600.5 KB, 8873 views) ATI Flash Cards 06, Medications Affecting the Cardiovascular System.doc (349.0 KB, 10798 views) ATI Flash Cards 07, Medications Affecting the Blood.doc (273.0 KB, 6896 views) ATI Flash Cards 08, Medications Affecting the Respiratory System.doc (143.5 KB, 7502 views) ATI Flash Cards 09, Medications Affecting Fluid, Electrolytes, Minerals, and Renal.doc (227.5 KB, 7266 views) ATI Flash Cards 10, Medications Affecting Digestion and Nutrition.doc (199.0 KB, 6779 views) ATI Flash Cards 11, Medications Affecting the Endocrine System.doc (245.5 KB, 7060 views) ATI Flash Cards 12, Medications Affecting the Reproductive System.doc (189.0 KB, 7219 views)
Attached are 12 Word documents which I made when I took pharmacology. All the information was based on the ATI study guide since that constituted the final exam in our class.
They are formatted as 3x5 cards and were printed on individual 3x5 cards.
Have at 'em if you think they'll help... they certainly worked for me.
Again, they are entirely my own creation based on the information out of the ATI book. I make no promises as to their accuracy (though I rocked pharm so they couldn't be too bad).
Feedback is welcome.
Thank you so much
Pharms a total crapshoot.
I had an INCREDIBLY difficult pharm (class avg was like the 60s) course in school, and i did exceptionally well in it
And i would still get tons of drugs on the NCLEX that i had no clue in.
And even when id put together something difficult (ie figure out a drug that i never heard of is related to another drug I know of) theyll still ask you a question thats so far fetched and bizarre that its still probably a guess. If youre lucky you can eliminate 1-2 choices but still
I mean some people get lucky and only get asked STUPIDLY basic stuff (ie what do you look for to know Lasix worked) but from my experience its just a guessing game.
Just thought this would help
Pharmacology - Know Indication/Action/Effect
-ase = thrombolytic
-azepam = benzodiazepine
-azine = antiemetic; phenothiazide
-azole = proton pump inhibitor, antifungal
-barbital = barbiturate
-coxib = cox 2 enzyme blockers
-cep/-cef = anti-infectives
-caine = anesthetics
-cillin = penicillin
-cycline = antibiotic
-dipine = calcium channel blocker
-floxacin = antibiotic
-ipramine = Tricyclic antidepressant
-ine = reverse transcriptase inhibitors, antihistamines
-kinase = thrombolytics
-lone, pred- = corticosteroid
-mab = monoclonal antibiotics
-micin = antibiotic, aminoglycoside
-navir = protease inhibitor
nitr-, -nitr- = nitrate/vasodilator
-olol = beta antagonist
-oxin = cardiac glycoside
-osin = Alpha blocker
-parin = anticoagulant
-prazole = PPI’s
-phylline = bronchodilator
-pril = ACE inhibitor
-statin = cholesterol lowering agent
-sartan = angiotensin II blocker
-sone = glucocorticoid, corticosteroid
-stigmine = cholinergics
-terol = Beta 2 Agonist
-thiazide = diuretic
-tidine = antiulcer
-trophin = Pituitary Hormone
-vir = anti-viral, protease inhibitors
-zosin = Alpha 1 Antagonist
-zolam = benzo/sedative
-zine = antihistamine
•Don’t give non-selective beta-blockers to patients w/respiratory problems
•Vitamin C can cause false +ive occult blood
•Avoid the ‘G’ herbs (ginsing, ginger, ginko, garlic) when on anti-clotting drugs (coumadin, ASA, Plavix, etc)
•ASA toxicity can cause ringing of the ears
•No narcotics to any head-injury victims
•Mg2+ toxicity is treated with Calcium Gluconate
•Do not give Calcium-Channel Blockers with Grapefruit Juice
•Oxytocin is never administered through the primary IV
•Lithium patients must consume extra sodium to prevent toxicity
•MAOI Patients should avoid tyramine:
oAacados, bananas, beef/chicken liver, caffeine, red wine, beer, cheese (except cottage cheese), raisins, sausages, pepperoni, yogurt, sour cream.
•Don’t give atropine for glaucoma – it increases IOP
•Don’t give ant-acids with food -- b/c it delays gastric emptying.
•Don’t give Stadol to Methadone/Heroin Preggo’s -- cause instant withdrawal symptoms
•Insulin – clear before cloudy
•Don’t give meperidine (Demerol) to pancreatitis patients
•Always verify bowel sounds when giving Kayexelate
•Hypercalcemia = hypophosphatemia (and vice versa)
•Radioactive Dye – urine excretion
•Signs of toxic ammonia levels is asterixis (hands flapping)
•D10W can be substituted for TPN (temporary use)
•Dopamine and Lasix are incompatible
•Hypoglycemic shivers can be stopped by holding the limb, seizures cannot (infants)
•Common symptom of aluminum hydroxide – constipation
•Thiazide diuretics may induce hyperglycemia
•Take iron with Vit C – it enhances absorbtion – Do not take with milk
•B1 - For Alcoholic Patients (to prevent Wernicke’s encephalopathy & Korsakoff’s synd)
•B6 - For TB Patients
•B9 - For Pregnant Patients
•B12 - Pernicious anemia, Vegetarians.
•Complications of Coumadin - 3H’s - Hemorrhage, hematuria & hepatitis
•FFP is administered to DIC b/c of the clotting Fx
•Mannitol (osmtic diuretic [Head injury]) crystallizes at room temp – use a filter needle
•Antianxiety medication is pharmacologically similar to alcohol –used for weaning Tx
•Administrate Glucagon when pt is hypoglycemia and unresponsive
•Phenazopyridine ( Pyridium)--Urine will appear orange
•Rifampicin -- Red-urine, tears, sweat)
•Hot and Dry = sugar high (hyperglycemia)
•Cold and clammy = need some candy (hypoglycemia)
•Med of choice for V-tach is lidocaine
•Med of choice for SVT = adenosine or adenocard
•Med of choice for Asystole = atropine
•Med of choice for CHF is Ace inhibitor.
•Med of choice for anaphylactic shock is Epinephrine
•Med of choice for Status Epilepticus is Valium.
•Med of choice for bipolar is lithium.
•Give ACE inhibitors w/food to prevent stomach upset
•Administer diuretics in the morning
•Give Lipitor at 1700 since the enzymes work best during the evenin
•Common Tricyclic Meds - 3 syllabes (pamelor, elavil)
•Common MAOI’s - 2 syllables (nardil, marplan)
•TPN has a dedicated line & cannot be mixed ahead of time
•RHoGAM -- Given at 28 weeks & 72 hrs postpartum
•Do not administer erythromycin to Multiple Sclerosis pt
•Benadryl and Xanax taken together will cause additive effects.
•Can't take Lasix if allergic to Sulfa drugs.
•Acetaminophen can be used for headache when the client is using nitroglycerin.
•Dilantin - can not give with dextrose. Only give with NS.
Addison is skinny ( hypoglycemic, you get weight loss, you got weakness, and you get postural hypotn) Cushing is fat ( hyperglycemic, you get moon face big cheeks, and you retain a lot of Na and fluid)
•Never Give via IVP:
oRapid: lispro – onset
oShort: Regular – onset ½ - 1 hr. Peak: 2-3hr. Duration: 4-6 hr
oInt: NPH or Lente – onset: 2 hr. Peak 6-12 hr. Duration: 16-24hr
oLong: Ultralente – onset 4-6 hr. Peak: 12-16 hr. Duration: >24hr
oV.Long: Lantus – onset 1 hr. Peak: None. Duration: 24 hr continuous
•Anticholergic Side Effects:
•Hypocalcemia – CATS
oSpasms & Stridor
•Hyper Kalemia Causes: ‘MACHINE’
oMedicationa (ace inhibitors, NSAIDS)
oAcidosis (metabolic & repiratory)
oCellular destruction (burns, traumatic injuy)
oNephrons, renal failure
•Signs of increased K ‘ Murder’
oUrine – olyguria, anuria
oDecreaed cardiac contractility
oReflexes – hyperreflexia, or flaccid
•Substance Poisoning and Antidotes
oMethanol -- Ethanol
oCO2 -- Oxygen
oDopamine -- Phentolamine
oBenzo’s (Versed) -- Flumazenil
oLead -- Succimer, Calcium Disodium
oIron -- Deferoxamine
oCoumadin -- Vitamin K
oHeparin -- Protamine Sulfate
oThorazine -- Cogentine
oWild Mushrooms - Atropine
oRat Poison - Vit K
•Parkland Formula: 4cc * Kg * BSA Burned = Total Volume Necessary
o1st 8hrs – ½ total volume
o2nd 8hrs – ¼ total volume
o3rd 8 hrs – ¼ total volumes
from the OP of this link https://allnurses.com/nclex-discussion-forum/omg-i-passed-528887.html
thank you very much !!! this will help me tons. ive seen people memorize certain drug endings like this as well: beta blockers make you laugh -olol. tennis players get ace in april -prils *went something like that* anyone know any others?
To be honest I had MAYBE 2-3 pharm questions so don't stress yourself out over it.
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