Public Health Nurse, an individual responsible to preview, proffer, prevent, promote, pronounce, review and propagate information about health challenges in the community such as an outbreak, and serve as a link between the government and the people.
Every organisation must review its activities weekly, monthly, quarterly, or yearly. This is to promote efficiency and efficacy in the productivity sections for improvements. As a responsible public health nurse, it's highly paramount to review the health indices in order to establish areas requiring more attention. Starting from assessment, planning, intervention and evaluation. Assessment, the first stage in health review as it forms the baseline in creating a viable statistical background for health variations. It takes the most important aspect of health review. If the assessment is faulty the whole process will be shabby as the result can never be accurate. A Public Health Nurse is fully knowledgeable and can apply the advanced nursing process to health review and skillful to maintain and organise the public health review of the society.
There are certain elements a public health nurse should appreciate through preview of health indices. These elements provides a level ground where the public health nurse can base her recommendations in suit of present and past health circumstances of the society. Preview is an important integral role of a public health nurse, the tools required to promulgate the preview is broadened and scientific. Research enhancement is the only drive that push forward ideas and reality, public health nurses should promote scientific researches and conferences in order to establish facts and not myths. These findings can be a tool to corroborate the preview of health status of a society, hence giving full capacity to prevent any unforeseen outbreak. There are basically two types of outbreak in every community, certain outbreak are unforeseen while another outbreak can be premeditated. In some communities in Africa, there are certain outbreak that can easily with full conscious intent and a measure of forethought be attacked such as weather, certain weather in Africa comes with some outbreak, hence, with various publications of scientific research, the public health nurse can preview the health challenges ahead and send it to appropriate quarters for necessary actions.
Information is power as a universally accepted and undaunted tool to keep abreast with the latest development around and globally. Lack of accessibility to information endanger individual and the society. An illustration here is, someone equipped with information will be well versed with whatever that is happening, and such individual is seen to be in light while the other person that lacks information is in darkness. Light and darkness are parallel and can never be equated. The developed countries spend huge resources on information dissemination, which keeps health challenges at a bearable level than African countries. This is because of high level of corruption raving the continent. If the citizens are duly informed, politicians cannot take them for granted. This is why there is high level of illiteracy in Africa.
Government refused to equip the public health nurses because, as part of the responsibilities of a public health nurse is information propagation and dissemination. Despite these deficient resources, public health nurse still maintain its professional duties by sharing essential health tips on health and outbreak. Thus, a public health nurse has a lined - up channel of communications to disseminate very important information across board. Unfortunately some countries had politicised health sector with poor result in ranking countries health system.
Health sector is a team - work and there are levels of interdependency, though each member has its autonomy. When each members work within their limit there can never be conflict and the resultant effects shall be positive in the outcome of the care of the patients. A public health nurse can achieve 100% success with support and collaboration of other team members.
Every societies must equipped well the public health nurses, engage them in services, and station them at every point of entries of all countries and every health establishment (especially outpatient department), well remunerated and full autonomy. Every countries must have a viable Public Health Commission without the interference of ministry of health rather collaboration as well the government. Virtually in all ministry of health, there is a department of public health section, yet redundant because of the power of the ministers of health who most times aren't interested. The commission shall be headed by an expert with a track record in public health services be it in private or public organisation. A public health nurse, public health doctor, public health pharmacist, and epidemiologist can be appointed if duly qualified as the head of the commission.
OMOLOLA Adams Olatayo