ATTN - please don't flame me for this post.
I can't prove (or DISPROVE) this, but I have had questions for a long time re some hiring practices.
Scenario - 2 applicants for same job. Both excellent prospects, totally equal on paper with credentials, education, experience and post- interview. One male, one female. Sex of recruiter not an issue/concern. All things being equal and betting dollars to donuts, I'd bet the guy gets the position. Why? Unconscious EEO. Either that or the toss of a coin! A guy fulfills the fill-in-the-box equal oppotunity block.
I KNOW it shouldn't be a conscious determinant, but who can tell? Personally, I find male nurses on the unit bring a stabilizing, grounded presence to the unit. I see them as team, rather than "me" people - maybe it's a male sports thing that comes with them from their childhood. To me, they're an asset. But I know personnel has to keep statistics that their hiring policies are open to all, and males fulfill a box. Much like those other boxes of handicap, ethnicity, veterans, etc. And HR/personnel works to avoid discrimination lawsuits.
I worked one Staff Development position where I had to record those attendance statistics for certain program offerings, again to demonstrate that educational opportunties were open to all levels of staff, incl line staff to top admin. I remember one gal livid that she didn't consider 'any of the above' catagories as reflective of her Mid-East background, She was ready to file a grievance because someone included her in a group not to her approval. I never figured out what she was, Arab, Israeli, Egyptian, Iranian, Iraqui. but whatever, her home country was at war with the box she was plugged into.
At another place, a nurse was hired for supervisor - Master's degree, American Islander, and male. He fulfilled 3 boxes. And I know the literature talks about discrimination just based on reading an applicant's name on a job application. Some years ago, there was a big scandal about college applicants applying for financial aid using false Hispanic names. Perhaps the diversities work in reverse and it may be to a guy's advantage that he IS a guy when applying for a grad nurse position. PROs versus CONs.
But to respond to OP - they just might have an edge at some places.