Nursing diagnosis woes... what is wrong with me?

  1. Alrightly then... What is wrong with how I am trying to come up 4 nursing diagnoses. I have a wound care patient. I know that she needs to be in the skilled nursing unit. She cannot take care of the wound herself. She has tunneling in her thigh (surgical infection) and sternum infection with a JP drain. Other than that, she is doing wonderful. Basically, all she is in there for is monitoring the wound sites and wound care. The infections that she has are in surgical incisions from a CABG. I am great at identifying what I need to do when I am caring for her but I have one heck of a time getting it onto paper! I can write what I do and my assessment, but when I go to do a nursing diagnosis on paper - I feel so dumb! I am using Ackley nursing diagnosis handbook and I think what I am doing it looking up in the guide what's going on with her and then go to the nursing diagnosises (SP?) and rationalize in my head why this doesn't fit her exactly. Part of my problem is that I'm a perfectionist when it comes to schoolwork so is this killing me when I try to come up with a diagnosis??

    ANyone who likes to do or can help me in any way with these diagnosis please please please help me. You will have my eternal gratefulness. (I'd pay you but hey- I'm a nursing student and you guessed it... BROKE! )

    Thank you!
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    Joined: Sep '06; Posts: 140; Likes: 52


  3. by   moongirl
    risk for impaired skin integrity r/t ....
    risk for pain
    risk for activity intolerance
    risk for constipation r/t pain meds
    risk for anxiety
    self care defecit
    risk for body image distrurbance
    self esteem disturbance ( r/t moving into the nursing home)
  4. by   RNmom08
    My medical diagnosis is Wound infection. Can I have a nursing diagnosis be risk for wound infection r/t increases environmental exposure? I know that every time we pack the tunneling we risk more and possibly different bacteria getting into the wound. Would this be an ok diagnosis or overkill?
  5. by   abbythetabby
    Moongirl has the right idea, however, "risk" is not appropriate for several Dx's because the pt is currently experiencing these problems.

    "Impaired tissue integrity r/t..." should be your 1st Dx.

    How did this pt's wounds become infected? Does she have any nutritional deficiencies that are impeding healing? If her infxn is severe enough to require hospitalization, her lab values should be abnormal in some aspect.
    How is the infection/hospitalization affecting the pt psychologically/socially? Is she missing work? Caring for a family? One Dx should cover this. Remember to take a holistic view of the pt.

    " My medical diagnosis is Wound infection. Can I have a nursing diagnosis be risk for wound infection r/t increases environmental exposure? I know that every time we pack the tunneling we risk more and possibly different bacteria getting into the wound. Would this be an ok diagnosis or overkill?"

    Be careful about saying "my medical diganosis". Nurses can't make medical diagnoses. Great thought process, but I think there may be better choices. If the wound care person is following proper procedure, there shouldn't be further infection. I'm not sure how far into your schooling you are, but you have a good grasp of the nursing dx concept. Keep at it and you'll be helping your classmates in no time!
  6. by   Achoo!
    You don't want risk for infection if she already has an infection. What about impaired tissue integrity
    self care deficit if she can't care for it herself
    Is she in pain? Pain could be one

    If you look up wound in Ackely it gives you...

    Impaired tissue integrity
    Imbalanced nutrition- less than body requirements- Is she getting enough protein for wound healing?
    risk for hyperthermia r/t infection
    risk for deficient fluid volume

    is she mobile? What about impaired mobility r/t wound
  7. by   Daytonite
    You ask what is wrong with how you are trying to come up with nursing diagnoses? The problem is that you are not organizing the data that you have collected. At least, not as I can see. You should have gone through the patient's chart and copied down all kinds of information from her history and physical, operative report, information that might have been sent over from the acute hospital, as well as the various assessments that were done by the nurses in the skilled nursing unit where this patient now resides. Having worked for a number of years in skilled units I can tell you that she is there for skilled nursing care (per Medicare guidelines) and the savvy people of the facility would have made sure that the proper documentation to support her skilled status and need for nursing care is going to be in that chart of hers. They have to have a documented care plan to support her need for care--or Medicare won't pay for her stay. So, she is there because she needs nursing help. Then, you should have done your own history, review of systems and physical assessment. Of all this data, some of it is not going to be normal. It is the abnormal data that is going to form the basis for choosing any nursing diagnoses. Please re-read Section I of your Ackley nursing diagnosis handbook again. She (and Ms. Ladwig) very thoroughly explain the nursing process, breaking it down into ADPIE. Under the "D" of ADPIE (Step 2: Nursing Diagnosis) they talk about how to formulate the nursing diagnosis, listing your symptoms (abnormal data), clustering them, and selecting a nursing diagnosis label for them. Please remember that you may not find some of your symptoms in Section II of the handbook (the alphabetized list of symptoms, problems, medical diagnoses, procedures and clinical states). Try converting some of the data you have into medical terminology terms and then you will be likely to find those symptoms in that listing. As long as the definition of the nursing diagnoses seems to sound correct, the outcomes listed under the diagnoses seem right, she has one or more of the defining characteristics and one of more of the related factors then you have most likely got a valid nursing diagnosis. You can verify this by browsing through the outcomes and the nursing interventions that are listed. Do they sound like things that fit your patient? Not all of them will pertain to her, but some may. Some of these diagnoses can fit very broad categories of problems that patients are having. Your patient doesn't have to have all the defining characteristics to qualify for you to take on a particular nursing diagnosis.

    I have to correct your perception that this patient is basically there for monitoring of the wound sites and wound care. This is not true. Having worked in skilled care myself, I can tell you that the reason is more likely because nurses and her doctor, while she was in the acute hospital, made the assessment that she was going to be unable to care for these wounds herself. There may have been concern that she would not be able to follow directions or perform the wound care as prescribed. Maybe she has physical problems inhibiting her from performing the wound care herself. This should be something to discover as part of your assessment process Many people having this same problem go home and care for themselves without needing convalescent care in a skilled nursing facility. So, things are lacking with this patient's ability to get her care done that you have missed.

    I recommend that you go through whatever assessment items you have on paper and do as Ackley and Ladwig suggest--underline the abnormal data. As you think on this, add some things that you might have observed about this lady and forgotten to include. I'm saying, put it on paper. I put them on a Word document on the computer so I can move it around and not have to erase and re-write it all the time. You have to do this when you are writing care plans, particularly if you are getting graded on it. When I am helping a student develop a list of nursing diagnoses, I make a list on an open Word document of all the abnormal data they have given me. I use "cut" and "paste" commands to cluster the data. Then I start looking at nursing diagnoses. I have a copy of Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions & Classification 2005-2006 published by NANDA International that I use to verify defining characteristics and related factors because it's smaller than Ackley and Ladwig and easier to handle. I type a nursing diagnosis over a cluster of symptoms that seems to fit. Then I go to my copy of Nursing Diagnosis Handbook: A Guide to Planning Care, 7th Edition, by Betty J. Ackley and Gail B. Ladwig and look at the same nursing diagnosis to check out the outcomes and nursing interventions to see if I've got a hit or a miss. Once you've got a hit, the remainder of writing the care plan is choosing nursing interventions that address the abnormal symptoms that are listed in the nursing diagnostic statement. Then, of course, you probably also need to supply the rationales for your instructors.

    Does this make sense now? Is that of any help to you?

    From what you have given in your post, your patient has
    • Impaired Skin Integrity R/T surgical intervention AEB wounds on sternum and (left or right) thigh
    • Ineffective Protection R/T surgical intervention AEB purulent drainage from wounds on sternum and (left or right) thigh. [I added the purulent drainage since it is mostly likely present even though you didn't mention it. Are there other symptoms of infection such as odor or color to the drainage, positive blood cultures, fever, would culture reports that I'm sure the skilled nursing facility did, etc.?]
    Any other diagnoses you find will be based on what you extract from other data you have collected on her. Look at what the medical diagnoses were and see if you can find any of the same symptoms of those medical diagnoses that you may have missed in your initial assessment. Use those same symptoms (not the medical diagnoses) to look for more nursing diagnoses in Ackley and Ladwig. Good luck!
  8. by   moongirl
    Quote from abbythetabby
    Moongirl has the right idea, however, "risk" is not appropriate for several Dx's because the pt is currently experiencing these problems.
    hmmm.. well those were all NANDA dxs and they are appropriate to the wound because they are all potential problems. No where did the OP state that the pt is already experiencing constipation, pain or impaired mobility or distrubed body image. The impaired skin integrity, obviously, but I was also referring to the skin surrounding the wound- potential for breakdown, and other body skin r/t immobility.
    I have never gotten less than 98 percent on any care plan, and I have done plenty!
  9. by   traumaRUs
    Self-care deficit related to extensive wound care and inability to care for own ADL's as evidenced by need for assistance with wound care and inability to ambulate (if appropriate).
  10. by   Daytonite
    NANDA requires that in a nursing diagnostic statement the R/T section has to be the cause, or etiology, of the self care deficit. The definition of Self-Care Deficit (and the specific category of ADL must be stated) is an impaired ability to perform or complete that particular ADL. The AEBs are the evidence, based on actual data from the chart or through observation of the patient, that supports the self-care deficit. So, to use self-care deficit, the cause, or R/T factor has to be something specific such as physical inability to perform the wound care, cognitive impairment, lack of motivation, pain doing the procedures, or weakened state. Therefore, I would write this diagnostic statement this way: Self-care deficit: wound care R/T weakened physical state AEB time-intensive, complicated wound care procedures. An alternative to this might be Ineffective Therapeutic Regimen Management R/T complexity of wound care regimen AEB patient's verbal statements of difficulty performing wound care without assistance.