Diabetes was one of the easiest exams I took so far in nursing school. The reason I did so well, was the fact I understood the pathophysiology of the disease.
- All cells require glucose for survival
- Glucose is primarily acquired from the digestion of carbohydrates
- Starches and complex sugars are converted to the simple sugar glucose
- If glucose is not available from the ingestion of carbohydrates the body will break down glycogen (a sugar stored in the liver) or protein in the liver
- Insulin (a hormone secreted by the beta cells in the pancreas) is necessary to allow glucose to pass from the blood stream into the cells.
Once you understand why things are happening, it becomes easier to answer the questions and know what the nurse suppose to assess.
The above statements are also great ideas.
Good luck to you.