interventions for constipation r/t pain medication and immobility
- 0Oct 28, '09 by rockon78I am trying to write a care plan for my patient. he had surgery for a fractured hip and has not had a bowel movement in 4 days. he is on pain meds and not very mobile. he has a PEG tube from his throat cancer he finished treatment for in may. he hasn't even been using that though bc he says "I just don't feel good, I don't want anything to eat." I could also use acute pain r/t hip surgery or impaired mobility r/t hip surgery. help please!:spin:
- 0Oct 29, '09 by itsmejuli GuideRemember the nursing process and prioritizing when writing a care plan. Your patient has more important issues than constipation and pain.
Think about the ABCs and what affect his immobility and surgery is having on his circulation. What about Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
What does his surgery put him at greatest risk for?
If he's not eating and not getting nutrition, what effect is this having on his body?
- 1Oct 29, '09 by Daytonitethere is information and a number of posts on how to construct a care plan on this thread: http://allnurses.com/general-nursing...ns-286986.html- help with care plans which you should also look at.
a care plan is all about determining what your patient's nursing problems are and then listing strategies to do something about them. interventions are the strategies for the problems. nursing diagnoses are merely the names we attach to the nursing problems. although you entitled your post "interventions for constipation r/t pain medication and immobility" it sounds as if you are asking for help in identifying what this person's nursing diagnoses (nursing problems) are.
problem solving is what you are in nursing school to learn and the nursing process is the tool you are expected to use to do it. it adapts very well to care planning and if you get into the habit of using the steps of the nursing process to care plan as a student it will serve you well in many, many unexpected ways. i will show you how the nursing process works for care planning based on the information you posted.
step #1 assessment. before any decisions are made about anything you must do some investigation and data collection. assessment consists of:
- a health history (review of systems) - all you've told us is that he has fractured his hip and had surgery. what kind of hip surgery? a pinning or a hip replacement? the post op care is slightly different for each. we also know that he had throat cancer. i've had an oral cancer and i have post treatment complications, so i'm guessing he probably has some specific to this cancer as well. what are they?
- performing a physical exam - there really is no physical exam data presented. data that is useful for the care planning is that he has had no bowel movement in 4 days and that he is not very mobile. not being very mobile should be more specified. he has also said, "i just don't feel good, i don't want anything to eat." that would require looking at more empirical evidence of food intake, checking for recorded weights to see if he is losing weight and looking at labwork for electrolyte imbalances.
- assessing their adls (at minimum: bathing, dressing, mobility, eating, toileting, and grooming) - if he is not very mobile and he has an impaired hip, how is he accomplishing his adls? how does his bath get done daily? does he do it all by himself? any activity that requires someone to help him is a self-care deficit.
- reviewing the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms and complications of their medical condition - how did this fracture happen in the first place? did he fall or was it a pathological fracture as a result of metastatic cancer? that's important to know because there is a nursing problem there that needs to be addressed so the other hip is protected from a similar fate. we also need to be aware of the complications that can occur for the specific type of surgery that he had on this hip. you should be able to find the specific hip surgery he had on this website and it will tell you about the surgery and list any complications:
- reviewing the signs, symptoms and side effects of the medications/treatments that have been ordered and that the patient is taking - pain medication is a medical treatment and constipation is a complication of most opioids. a peg tube is a medical treatment. as nurses we are often tasked to carry out the maintenance and care of them. what other medications is he taking? they can sometimes be clues about other medical problems a patient has that they have forgotten to tell us. i can't rattle off my list of medications and i have to rely on a written list.
- breathing problems (atelectasis, hypoxia, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism) (these can manifest at any time)
- hypotension (shock, hemorrhage)
- thrombophlebitis in the lower extremity (very important to this patient, particularly in the unaffected leg)
- elevated or depressed temperature
- any number of problems with the incision/wound (dehiscence, evisceration, infection) (very important to this patient)
- fluid and electrolyte imbalances
- urinary retention
- constipation (patient already has)
- surgical pain (patient already has)
- nausea/vomiting (paralytic ileus)
- no bowel movement in 4 days
- not very mobile
- "i just don't feel good, i don't want anything to eat."
- the reason for the fracture of the hip
- constipation r/t effect of opioids aeb no bowel movement in 4 days
- impaired physical mobility r/t surgical incision aeb not very mobile
- self-care deficits r/t musculoskeltal impairment
- acute pain r/t surgical intervention
- impaired tissue integrity r/t surgical intervention
- risk for ineffective airway clearance r/t effects of anesthesia
- risk for imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements
- risk for infection r/t invasive procedure
- risk for falls or ineffective protection (in regard to reason for fractured hip)
so, since you asked about constipation, here is how we continue the nursing process for this problem. your evidence is that the patient has had no bm for 4 days. then, nursing interventions can be classified into 4 types:
- assess/monitor/evaluate/observe (to evaluate the patient's condition)
- assess abdomen for abdominal distension, pain, cramping and/or absence of bowel sounds. (you are assessing for paralytic ileus, a complication of anesthesia)
- care/perform/provide/assist (performing actual patient care)
- encourage the patient to ambulate and move as much as possible.
- encourage fluid intake, especially warm fluids and any fluid that contains fiber.
- encourage the patient to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
- assist to bedside commode after a meal to attempt a bm.
- administer stool softener, laxative, suppository or enema as ordered.
- teach/educate/instruct/supervise (educating patient or caregiver)
- teach patient that consuming fiber (bulk and roughage) helps to move stool through the bowels.
- teach patient that physical activity will help stimulate gi functioning.
- manage/refer/contact/notify (managing the care on behalf of the patient or caregiver)
- notify physician and request order for enema/order for fiber intake via a pill.
- consult with dietician.
- 0Oct 30, '09 by Natingaletheres like a thousand interventions u could do for constipation
do ROM exercises - hydrate - administer stool softeners -- u def. want to listen to bowel sounds to make sure its not an ileus or obstruction -- encourage fiber in the diet - list goes on, those are from the top of my head