Quote from CedarGirl10
UPDATE: Would number 10 be chemotaxis? Not phagocytosis....
Would number 11 be something to do with the ADH hormone?
I would say chemoattraction as that's the first step in diapedesis, followed by adhesion, transmigration and chemotaxis.
When glucose is in the urine it creates a hyperosmolar concentration gradient that pulls H2O with it. So the plasma becomes more concentrated.
The other questions were answered appropriately by others. ACTH and the adrenocortical hormones are anti inflammatory. They suppress the release of pro-inflammatory mediators (TNFa, IL1, etc) and in so doing they inhibit T and B cell mediated immune responses.
Rhogam is given to an Rh- mother who is pregnant with a Rh+ fetus, once at 28 weeks and at delivery. And must be given with every Rh+ fetus. If it is not given you risk the infant experiencing hemolytic disease of the newborn. The mother will be fine.
The main point to remember when thinking about the appropriate blood type to transfuse is that you're most worried about antigens on the surface of the DONOR red cells. The concern is that the patient receiving the transfusion will have antibodies against the donor red cells and then those donor cells will be lysed by an immune response and negative consequences ensue.