In both the ADA and Section 504, a person with a disability is described as someone who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, or is regarded as having such impairments. Breathing, eating, working and going to school are "major life activities." Asthma and allergies are still considered disabilities under the ADA, even if symptoms are controlled by medication.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that gives the right to ask for changes where policies, practices or conditions exclude or disadvantage to the disabled person. As of January 26, 1992, public entities and public accommodations must ensure that individuals with disabilities have full access to and equal enjoyment of all facilities, programs, goods and services.
The ADA borrows from Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 504 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment and education in agencies, programs and services that receive federal money. The ADA extends many of the rights and duties of Section 504 to public accommodations such as restaurants, hotels, theaters, stores, doctors' offices, museums, private schools and child care programs. They must be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. No one can be excluded or denied services just because he/she is disabled or based on ignorance, attitudes or stereotypes.
A disability does not have to be "proved" and is present if it is assumed to be present. "Reasonable accommodation" and "undue hardship" are broad categories but specifics are listed under the law. Reassignment is NOT considered an undue hardship to the employer in most circumstances
The ADA specifically lists "reassignment to a specific position" as a form of reasonable accommodation. This type of reasonable accommodation must be provided to an employee who, because of a disability, can no longer perform the essential functions of his/her current position, with or without reasonable accommodation, unless the employer can show that it would be an undue hardship.
An employee must be "qualified" for the new position. An employee is "qualified" for a position if s/he: (1) satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education, and other job-related requirements of the position, and (2) can perform the essential functions of the new position, with or without reasonable accommodation.The employee does not need to be the best qualified individual for the position in order to obtain it as a reassignment.
The ADA requires employers
to provide reasonable accommodations to individuals with disabilities, including reassignment, even though they are not available to others. Therefore, an employer who does not normally transfer employees would still have to reassign an employee with a disability, unless it could show that the reassignment caused an undue hardship. And, if an employer has a policy prohibiting transfers, it would have to modify that policy in order to reassign an employee with a disability, unless it could show undue hardship.
It is unfortunate however that not all hospital accommodate a disabled nurse and will go to extreme lengths to ensure a poor performance and some nurses with "disabilities" abuse the system. I guess I was never smart enough to manipulate the system in my favor.....
But this nurse is well within the law.