1. The teachers I've had so far are qualified; they've working in the field of nursing, some even have a DNP and/or CNL certification. Not only are they knowledgeable in their field, but they draw from experience. One of the things I admire about them is they teach us early in the program that nursing is not all (to put it loosely) "sunshine and rainbows." They teach that nurses will come across many obstacles while working. (Some even shared mistakes they themselves have made while working in the field).
The course material is well-planned throughout the semester that are relevant information we could use in the field. Some of the classes we take each semester is based on where we will be for clinicals. For instance, this semester we are in Labor and Delivery clinicals, so we are learning how the baby develops, changes that occur in mom, and complications that could occur to mom and baby during pregnancy and afterward. We also learned skills pertaining to Labor and Delivery and I was able to practice some of those skills during my clinical days.
2. For clinicals, as I've mentioned, each semester we're at a certain area of a hospital. 1st semester we were at a skilled nursing facility, second at Labor and Delivery, third and fourth at medical/surgical, etc. The class is divided into 4 groups that go to 4 different hospitals (for the first semester we were all at the same hospital). Clinicals are once a week. As for shadowing, from my experience, for the first semester I only shadowed or followed a nurse once. What my clinical instructor did for us is she assigned us a patient and we took care of that patient for the day. Right now I am following a nurse, and I also get to also help them with taking care of their patients. (This is where skills and theory come in.)
We do have a say of where we want to go for clinicals, but it has to be at one of the 4 facilities that's on the course schedule. Last semester, when the 4 facilities for this semester were announced, several of my classmates and I switched facilities easily for one reason or another (like facility 1 is closer to that person than the one they're currently assigned to).
Hope I've answered your questions. If you have any more, feel free to PM me
P.S. about the application: Don't worry about when you turned it in. What matters is you submitted it before the deadline. I have a couple people in my cohort who submitted their application close to the deadline :)