1. What should I do when I disagree with a teacher's answer in a test? What I did was to argue, but no result.
Schedule an appointment with them in their office, because confronting him/her in front of students is not well like of teachers or professors. Make sure you “understand” the question and what is being asked. Also, be prepared to reference what you disagree on and how it contradicts notes or textbook material. Keep in mind, some teachers will choose their own “verbiage”, as in lecture notes, as supposed to the textbooks “verbiage” when creating answers for exams, so you need to ask questions before exams to validate which is going to be the “correct” answer, the textbook or the lecture notes.
2. Which way do you think is the most effective way to memorize exactly and quickly?
When I try to memorize words of A&P, what I do just repeats and repeats.
If you are planning on being a Registered Nurse, then I don’t fully suggest memorizing; you have a greater chance of forgetting the material needed for the future. The material you learn is all related to how your body functions, which is all helpful when you work as a Nurse. Use someone like a friend, relative, or significant other to point to certain body organs and explain a little of what you know about it to them. Also, if the teacher permits, take photos of the Anatomy models or any lab posters/materials that you can review on your computer in conjunction with your notes and textbook. You will better understand what you are learning and it will automatically process in your brain. If you need to learn definitions then rewriting it over a few times for a few days could help as well.
3. Do you think the teacher's notebook is as important as the textbook or more important than the textbook? How to use both of them effectively? When I studied A&P, I mainly read the textbook instead of the teacher's notebook.
I would take the teacher’s notebook and use it as a reference guide for the textbook. If the notebook has a page focused just on the brain stem then focus your attention on what the textbook teaches about the brain stem along with what the teacher is trying to teach you about the brain stem, using both as information for your exams; some information will overlap. Keep in mind that it all depends on the teacher’s style of teaching. One teacher I had was redundant of the textbook material, another gave a whole new perspective on the subject-never using the textbook except for images, while my most recent teacher used both lecture notes and textbook material but exam questions were in the teacher’s “verbiage”.
4. Do you have any tip of dividing a heavy task, such as reading a chapter of the textbook? I spent five hours on reading the chapter, and always had little time to read the notebook after that.
Do not read it word for word. Skip areas that are hard to grasp and go back to it later in the day. If there are images or figures to explain a process then read a few steps, look back at the image, then read a few more steps. I never read a chapter word for word and still I was able to Ace my A&P courses.
All in all get to know your teacher’s style of teaching and expectations with exams and do not be afraid to ask questions to not just the teacher but to students who are doing great in the class. And this is nursing prereq courses so give yourself time to grasp the material, last minute cramming will not help, I know from own experience. To a certain extent animated videos on YouTube helped as well, but not all information can be a dependable reference.