1. Depends on your organization. Our organization gives you 1 year experience - which leads to a raise one year earlier and $20k a year for the first two years (which sort of makes up the difference between the resident salary and the normal starting salary). The bonus also serves as a retention mechanism to help ensure we get our costs back.
2. For Medicare, the reimbursement is 85% of the physician fee. APP residency doesn't change this.
3. Most are a year. Some are six months. We published data this year that knowledge skills were similar between the two groups but confidence was much higher for the 12 month group. The confidence was also higher for residents compared to OJT
Abide, A., Carpenter, D., Xu, K., Gregg, S., Byrd, C., Stein, D., & Meissen, H. (2020). 57: DIFFERENCES IN ADVANCE PRACTICE PROVIDER RESIDENCY LENGTH: 12-MONTH VERSUS 6-MONTH TRAINING. Critical Care Medicine, 48(1), 29.
Carpenter, D., Abide, A., Meissen, H., Xu, K., Byrd, C., Stein, D., & Gregg, S. (2020). 111: MEASURING ADVANCED PRACTICE PROVIDER CRITICAL CARE KNOWLEDGE AND CONFIDENCE: OJT VERSUS RESIDENCY. Critical Care Medicine, 48(1), 38.
4. I doubt anyone has an answer for this. In our specialty its not necessarily about salary jump. It's about a guaranteed job and opportunities that the residency gives you. For example US instructor, Running the infectious disease ICU, doing research. We pretty much guarantee a job for anyone that comes out of our residency (as long as they are a personality fit).