How do we apply carper's pattern of knowing in our daily nursing practice?

  1. I've searched online a couple of times and all i have found are articles explaining carper's pattern of knowing and its application in an academic setting. what i want to know is how we can apply this theory in everyday nursing practice. Please help..
  2. Visit JeromefromNUS profile page

    About JeromefromNUS

    Joined: Nov '11; Posts: 1


  3. by   nurseprnRN
    let's hear what you think. when you make an outline list about what you read on one side of a page, and on the other side write equivalent or parallel actions from nursing, what's it look like? or how does it not work for you?
  4. by   psu_213
    Sorry to sound foolish, but what is Carper's pattern of knowing?
  5. by   Esme12
    Quote from psu_213
    sorry to sound foolish, but what is carper's pattern of knowing?
    someone's elses explanation of eveidence practice and following your instincts explaining why we act the way we act.

    carper's fundamental ways of knowing is a typology that attempts to classify the different sources from which knowledge and beliefs in professional practice (originally specifically nursing) can or have been derived. it was proposed by barbara a. carper, a professor at the college of nursing at texas woman's university, in 1978.

    the typology identifies four fundamental "patterns of knowing":
    • empirical: factual knowledge from science, or other external sources, that can be empirically verified.
    • personal: knowledge and attitudes derived from personal self-understanding and empathy, including imagining one's self in the patient's position.
    • ethical: attitudes and knowledge derived from an ethical framework, including an awareness of moral questions and choices.
    • aesthetic: awareness of the immediate situation, seated in immediate practical action; including awareness of the patient and their circumstances as uniquely individual, and of the combined wholeness of the situation. (aesthetic in this sense is used to mean "relating to the here and now", from the greek αἰσθάνομαι (aisthanomai), meaning "i perceive, feel, sense"; the reference is not to the consideration of beauty, art and taste).
    the emphasis on different ways of knowing is presented as a tool for generating clearer and more complete thinking and learning about experiences, and broader self-integration of classroom education. as such it helped crystallize johns' (1995) framework for reflective investigation to develop reflective practice.
    the typology has been seen as leading a reaction against over-emphasis on just empirically derived knowledge, so called "scientific nursing", by emphasising that attitudes and actions that are perhaps more personal and more intuitive are centrally important too, and equally fit for discussion
    op what are your thoughts?
    Last edit by Esme12 on Nov 21, '11
  6. by   itsmejuli
    Jeez I don't miss school.