Published Feb 21, 2014
You are reading page 2 of END-OF-LIFE Ethical Dilemmas
19 members have participated
You can't give any more morphine than a doctor orders you to give. A range is a wonderful thing. Along with some ativan, some atropine....Continue to get orders for what you think and the family thinks eases a patient who may be in discomfort. What you can't do it give "extra doses". They need to be accounted for. You have to have witnessed wastes. The family is so in tune with a loved one that perhaps they are noticing discomfort that sometimes as nurses we can't. Some people who are dying are far too weak to grunt and/or grimace and moan. The goal is peaceful.
The family is so in tune with a loved one that perhaps they are noticing discomfort that sometimes as nurses we can't. Some people who are dying are far too weak to grunt and/or grimace and moan.
The goal is peaceful.
I got the impression 'extra dose' referred to giving more medication than was needed, not more than what was limited by the range, which can be two very different dosages on comfort care orders.
nurseprnRN, BSN, RN
Here is an article I'd suggest you read if your view is that increasing opioids "hastens death":International Association for Hospice & Palliative Care - IAHPC
International Association for Hospice & Palliative Care - IAHPC
Excellent article. For those of you who haven't yet hit the link, here's the abstract:
The principle of double effect is used to justify the administration of medication to relieve pain even though it may lead to the unintended, although foreseen, consequence of hastening death by causing respiratory depression. Although a review of the medical literature reveals that the risk of respiratory depression from opioid analgesic is more myth than fact and that there is little evidence that the use of medication to control pain hastens death, the belief in the double effect of pain medication remains widespread. Applying the principle of double effect to end-of-life issues perpetuates this myth and results in the undertreatment of physical suffering at the end of life.
The concept of double effect of opioids also has been used in support of legalization of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia.
What I meant was that if morphine 1mg q 1 hour as needed for pain/discomfort....and you give 1 mg every hour for 8 hours (just an example), that will HASTEN death, I don't care who says what, and give Ativan as ordered also, will hasten death. If a family member wants to get on with funeral arrangements and such, they can call you in every hour to give meds stating that their loved one is in pain....and who am I to argue, but I know in the back of my mind what is going on.
What I meant was that if morphine 1mg q 1 hour as needed for pain/discomfort....and you give 1 mg every hour for 8 hours (just an example), that will HASTEN death, I don't care who says what, and give Ativan as ordered also, will hasten death.
Well, if you don't care who says what, even if the research literature and experienced professionals disagree with you, then, well, why ask, and why go into an evidence-based profession at all? I hear they're hiring at Faux News. And there are still people there who believe in death panels, to boot. :)
OP if you don't feel comfortable providing care to a dying patient or find it too difficult to deal with persistent family members who are looking out for their loved one perhaps you should not care for that patient. It's really that simple. I would not want you to care for my dying relative.
I agree with GrnTea, you have no need for peer reviewed research or the opinions of others when you have made up your mind and are convinced that your opinion is correct.
I am sorry, frankly, that you are practicing hospice nursing and feel a bit uncomfortable that you practice any evidence based profession given your dislike and disregard of facts.
For the benefit of those of us who do practice evidenced based nursing I would offer a reminder that when we are aggressively using opiates to alleviate pain we shouldn't forget about the nonpharmacologic measures that have been mentioned. Engaging the family in helping to reposition, applying cool cloths to the warm forehead or neck, good gentle and frequent mouth care, hand holding, soothing conversation or music...all of those may help to improve a persons comfort levels in the last hours. At the same time that engagement helps the family to feel like they are participating, making a difference, and not helpless.
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