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Do there nursing outcomes look correct? (Having Trouble)

I am doing some practice Nursing Dx that the instructor gave to the class to help us on how to write Nursing Dx. Do these look correct?

Nursing Dx: Impaired skin integrity r/t to decreased blood and nutrients to the skin secondary to type 2 DM AEB 3 cm erythematous lesion on the left heel

Outcome: The client will demonstrate improved skin integrity with a 1 cm decrease in erythematous lesion on the left heel by next week.

Nursing Dx: Self-care deficit, bathing/hygiene r/t impaired physical mobility secondary to right hemiparesis

Outcome: The client will participate in bathing/hygiene activities daily for a month.

Nursing Dx: Risk for infection r/t impaired skin integrity

Outcome: The client will exhibit no signs of infection during hospitalization.

Nursing Dx: Self-esteem Disturbance r/t improved ability to perform usual hygiene practices secondary to burn injury

Outcome: The client will demonstrate healthy adaptation and coping skills in one month.

Sorry if it is too much, I am just so confused right now, because I just started Nursing School.

cherokeesummer

Specializes in OBGYN, Neonatal.

Should this be "impaired ability"?

Nursing Dx: Self-esteem Disturbance r/t improved ability to perform usual hygiene practices secondary to burn injury

cherokeesummer

Specializes in OBGYN, Neonatal.

I am not that great at nsg dx...UGH - actually come to think of it - we haven't done very many at all this semester - my last one LOL!

But I think the outcomes are specific and measurable which is what our instructors require.

I think your outcomes need to be even more simple and measurable in less time.

Also, do your nursing diagnoses need to be NANDA? Self esteem disturbance isn't NANDA. Situational low self-esteem would be.

Also, where is your as evidence by on some of these?

for the outcome on the last one it seems like you could be more specific...like the patient will state 3 positive things about self and list 3 new coping skills by...whenever.

also, I would make the last one a NANDA dx

and 1cm decrease in a lesion...is that likely to happen in a week?

Also, as a student I always have my outcomes measurable in the amount of time im going to be there. Either by the end of my shift or by the end of day 2. How will you evaluate your plan of care if you aren't there in one month? So if you are doing these outcomes for an actual patient and you know you won't be there in one month to evaluate, shorten the time period.

I'm looking at this from the viewpoint of a student, so depending on what your assignment is, go with that.

Daytonite, BSN, RN

Specializes in med/surg, telemetry, IV therapy, mgmt.

nursing dx: impaired skin integrity r/t to decreased blood and nutrients to the skin secondary to type 2 dm aeb 3 cm erythematous lesion on the left heel

so, you are saying in your nursing diagnostic statement that this patient's ulcer on their heel is due to decreased blood and nutrients reaching the skin, correct? are you not allowed to use the wording that nanda has already provided? i would re-write this as: impaired skin integrity r/t impaired circulation secondary to type ii dm aeb 3 cm erythematous lesion on the left heel.

outcome: the client will demonstrate improved skin integrity with a 1 cm decrease in erythematous lesion on the left heel by next week.

outcomes are the predicted results of our independent nursing actions. outcomes describe patient states that follow and are expected to be influenced by an intervention. outcomes are based upon these three ideas:

  • improvement of the patient's condition
  • stabilization of the patient's condition
  • support for the deterioration of the patient's condition

what are the nursing interventions you would include for the symptoms of this nursing diagnosis (the ulcer)? i'm thinking that i would have nursing interventions for this nursing diagnosis such as (1) relieve pressure on the heel of the foot by placing patient in an air-fluidized bed (2) the instructions for any dressings and ulcer care. the purpose (goal) of these interventions is to not only to attempt to improve the condition of the ulcer, but to prevent any further enlargement of it and prevent the outbreak of any new ulcers. these are all potential outcomes. you just have to word them as such. so, since you want to go with improvement of the condition of the ulcer, a much more feasible way to write the outcome would be: in one week progressive healing of the lesion on the left heel will be seen as evidenced by a measurable decrease in the diameter of the ulcer. (if your instructor wants numbers, you will need to go to a really good textbook of pathophysiology and look in the section on the healing of tissues to get that information.)

nursing dx: self-care deficit, bathing/hygiene r/t impaired physical mobility secondary to right hemiparesis

this diagnosis is the impaired ability to perform bathing/hygiene activities for oneself. the related factor is the right hemiparesis not impaired physical mobility. impaired physical mobility is another nursing diagnosis. you can get more specific with this nursing diagnosis than just saying impaired physical mobility. when you use that "secondary to" part you are specifically referring to a medical diagnosis or condition as the cause of the related factor. the hemiparesis is secondary to what medical diagnosis? stroke? some other disease? and what are the specific defining characteristics (symptoms)? you didn't complete the diagnostic statement. i would re-write this: bathing/hygiene self-care deficit r/t right hemiparesis secondary to cva aeb inability to support body in a stable position and hold washcloth at the same time in order to wash self.

outcome: the client will participate in bathing/hygiene activities daily for a month.

too broad. not based on any nursing interventions. possibility: in one week the patient will independently perform a sponge bath of as much of his body as he can safely reach while seated and supervised by a nurse.

nursing dx: risk for infection r/t impaired skin integrity

i wouldn't repeat the same wording of another nursing diagnosis. i would re-write this: risk for infection r/t open wound on left heel

outcome: the client will exhibit no signs of infection during hospitalization.

ok.

nursing dx: self-esteem disturbance r/t improved ability to perform usual hygiene practices secondary to burn injury

the structure of a nursing diagnostic statement follows pes, or problem-etiology-symptoms. remember, your "r/t" stuff is the etiology, or what is causing the problem (nursing diagnosis). i'm not trying to be mean, but i have to ask myself how is "improved ability to perform usual hygiene practices" causing a disturbance in self-esteem? :stone the answer is, it doesn't. (i realize the sandman was throwing bags of silicon at you by now.) "improved ability to perform usual hygiene" practices does not cause or result in a negative perception of one's self-worth (the definition of low self-esteem). it did sound kind of nice though. when you get tired, put your pencil down and take a nap. since you've mentioned a burn injury, how about: self-esteem disturbance r/t functional impairment of (name a part of the body) secondary to burn injury aeb verbal statements of being helpless.

outcome: the client will demonstrate healthy adaptation and coping skills in one month.

again, what are your nursing interventions going to be? they will point you in the direction of your outcomes. in one week the patient will begin to actively assist in his rehabilitation by starting to ask for help in learning to adapt to performing specific self-care adls.

remember pes. your nursing diagnostic statement has to make rational sense to someone in the nursing business who comes along and reads it. it's a concise statment of your patient's problem, the underlying cause(s) and the symptoms that support and prove the problem and it's cause exists. those symptoms come directly from your assessment data and form the entire foundation of the care plan. constructing a care plan is a bit like playing with tinker toys. if some of the parts represent symptoms, some represent nursing diagnoses and some represent related factors, you and i can each take a pile of the same parts and come up with two different structures. the test as to whether one is going to stand up on it's own depends on how strong and appropriate the connnections are between the different pieces. and, then, there's the leaning tower of pisa problem: problem with the foundation, but all the pieces are in place.

i'm tired, so i'm shutting down my computer and going to bed before i keep babbling on. hope i've been able to give you some useful help and guidance.

I guess I need more practice... Thanks guys for the help and thank you Daytonite for the rationales, it really helps. I thought something was wrong with one of the diagnosis the instructor gave us, because I did not see it in my Carpenito Nursing Diagnosis book. Anyways, thank you everyone.

PennyNickelDime_RN

Specializes in Oncology, Emergency Department.

The most important part of the nursing diagnoses and the outcome statements is that they are "real" NANDA diagnoses and written as such. Some students think they can just come up with nursing diagnoses. This will set a bad habit. Get a good Nursing Diagnosis Book which will be a breeze and guide you through with explanations.

Daytonite, BSN, RN

Specializes in med/surg, telemetry, IV therapy, mgmt.

the most important part of the nursing diagnoses and the outcome statements is that they are "real" nanda diagnoses and written as such. some students think they can just come up with nursing diagnoses. this will set a bad habit. get a good nursing diagnosis book which will be a breeze and guide you through with explanations.

get your facts correct before making a blanket statement like that! it may be that your nursing school requires you to use "real" nanda diagnoses. don't presume that all nursing programs require the use of nanda terminology and language! that is just not the case. one reason nursing schools like to have its students use nanda is because it is so well organized, has been extensively published and because it is so well-known in the nursing community. however, you need to be aware that there may be other nursing diagnosis systems and formats for presenting care plans that some schools and healthcare facilities require their nursing staff use.

PennyNickelDime_RN

Specializes in Oncology, Emergency Department.

Woah. I certainly did not mean to come across like I knew everything there is to know about diagnoses and outcome statements. I guess I may have worded it wrong but I do not believe that I deserved such a harsh reply.

Daytonite, BSN, RN

Specializes in med/surg, telemetry, IV therapy, mgmt.

Woah. I certainly did not mean to come across like I knew everything there is to know about diagnoses and outcome statements. I guess I may have worded it wrong but I do not believe that I deserved such a harsh reply.

You had a good many of your facts wrong. I was just pointing out and correcting your errors. I know a great deal about the skill of writing nursing care plans and nursing diagnosis and I'll spot an error in someone's thinking about them from a mile away. FYI, my BSN program did not use NANDA and we had to compose our own nursing diagnoses. There's a big world out here. NANDA does not have a monopoly on care plan writing. And whoever is telling you differently has their facts wrong as well.

Daytonite...as always, you rock!!! Thanks again for the knowledge.:roll

PennyNickelDime_RN

Specializes in Oncology, Emergency Department.

originally posted by sprklplnty

woah. i certainly did not mean to come across like i knew everything there is to know about diagnoses and outcome statements. i guess i may have worded it wrong but i do not believe that i deserved such a harsh reply.

you had a good many of your facts wrong. i was just pointing out and correcting your errors. i know a great deal about the skill of writing nursing care plans and nursing diagnosis and i'll spot an error in someone's thinking about them from a mile away. fyi, my bsn program did not use nanda and we had to compose our own nursing diagnoses. there's a big world out here. nanda does not have a monopoly on care plan writing. and whoever is telling you differently has their facts wrong as well.

with all due respect, there is absolutely no need for your attitude with me. i did not and do not deserve to be attacked, there is just no reason for it. acting like a bully will get you no where. you are old enough to know better, and i am old enough not to be treated rudely for nothing!

i would highly recommend you do some research before attacking people simply trying to help someone else. my point of view was as valid as yours.

http://nursing.about.com/od/nursesgeneralinfo/a/nursingprocess.htm

http://www.duke.edu/~goodw010/vocab/whybother.html

"the american nurses association has adopted nanda as the standard for nursing diagnoses in the u.s". from: http://web.indstate.edu/mary/nanda.html

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=retrieve&dopt=abstractplus&list_uids=17102326&query_hl=6&itool=pubmed_docsum

Daytonite, BSN, RN

Specializes in med/surg, telemetry, IV therapy, mgmt.

With all due respect, there is absolutely no need for your attitude with me. I did not and do not deserve to be attacked, there is just no reason for it. Acting like a bully will get you no where. You are old enough to know better, and I am old enough not to be treated rudely for nothing!

I would highly recommend you do some research before attacking people simply trying to help someone else. My point of view was as valid as yours.

http://nursing.about.com/od/nursesgeneralinfo/a/nursingprocess.htm

http://www.duke.edu/~goodw010/vocab/whybother.html

"The American Nurses Association has adopted NANDA as the standard for nursing diagnoses in the U.S". From: http://web.indstate.edu/mary/nanda.html

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=17102326&query_hl=6&itool=pubmed_docsum

I don't know what "attitude" you are going on about. If anything, it sounds like I'm the one getting attacked here! This thread was started by a student who was looking for some feedback on the nursing outcomes she was to develop for some nursing diagnoses. I also commented on the way the nursing diagnostic statements were constructed because it had to do with the outcomes that could be written. You commented on the nursing diagnoses and that NOT using "real" NANDA nursing diagnoses would "set a bad habit" (your words). You posted links to information about the nursing process, NANDA and nursing diagnoses. Do you have something to add about the development of nursing outcomes?

By the way, I am a member of NANDA-I (the official name) and I work from a copy of NANDA-I Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions & Classification 2007-2008 published by NANDA International along with about 6 other resources for care plans when I am composing answers to these kinds of questions to make sure I'm using correct information because I am aware that a good majority of the nursing programs DO use NANDA nursing diagnoses as the format for their written care plans.

PennyNickelDime_RN

Specializes in Oncology, Emergency Department.

i don't know what "attitude" you are going on about. if anything, it sounds like i'm the one getting attacked here! this thread was started by a student who was looking for some feedback on the nursing outcomes she was to develop for some nursing diagnoses. i also commented on the way the nursing diagnostic statements were constructed because it had to do with the outcomes that could be written. you commented on the nursing diagnoses and that not using "real" nanda nursing diagnoses would "set a bad habit" (your words). you posted links to information about the nursing process, nanda and nursing diagnoses. do you have something to add about the development of nursing outcomes?

would i dare?? absolutely not!

by the way, i am a member of nanda-i (the official name) and i work from a copy of nanda-i nursing diagnoses: definitions & classification 2007-2008 published by nanda international along with about 6 other resources for care plans when i am composing answers to these kinds of questions to make sure i'm using correct information because i am aware that a good majority of the nursing programs do use nanda nursing diagnoses as the format for their written care plans.

this is borderline insanity and incredibly sad. this is my final reply to you. i simply voiced an opinion and you turned it into what you seem to have considered an inappropriate response. if you insist on not respecting different points of view this is fine. i'm done. there was absolutely no reason for this!

I am doing some practice Nursing Dx that the instructor gave to the class to help us on how to write Nursing Dx. Do these look correct?

Nursing Dx: Impaired skin integrity r/t to decreased blood and nutrients to the skin secondary to type 2 DM AEB 3 cm erythematous lesion on the left heel

Outcome: The client will demonstrate improved skin integrity with a 1 cm decrease in erythematous lesion on the left heel by next week.

Nursing Dx: Self-care deficit, bathing/hygiene r/t impaired physical mobility secondary to right hemiparesis

Outcome: The client will participate in bathing/hygiene activities daily for a month.

Nursing Dx: Risk for infection r/t impaired skin integrity

Outcome: The client will exhibit no signs of infection during hospitalization.

Nursing Dx: Self-esteem Disturbance r/t improved ability to perform usual hygiene practices secondary to burn injury

Outcome: The client will demonstrate healthy adaptation and coping skills in one month.

Sorry if it is too much, I am just so confused right now, because I just started Nursing School.

You need specific and measurable goals. State the exact date and time that the goal should be met by. Also measurable goals such as the client will demonstrate health adaptation and coping skills by verbalizing 3 sources of support for ______. Just make sure everything is clear, specific and measurable. Also make sure the goals are appropriate. i am not sure that you can expect a 3 cm diabetic ulcer to decrease in size by 1/3 of it's diameter. (check on this in a wound book etc...). Also don't use nursing diagnoses as your R/T. So say something like risk for infection r/t site for organism invasion secondary to open ulcer over left heel or _______.

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