Most colleges have a section for transfer students which should have a link to a page called "course equivalencies" or some such thing. It will list most of the nearby colleges and clicking on that will bring up what courses are similar enough to transfer as each other. Classes are much more interchangable than they look because if the schools have to meet the requirements of the accreditation organizations.
Otherwise, most schools have very similar requirements for prereqs and general education classes: the freshman English Composition I and English Composition II may be English 101 and 102 at one school and English 21 and 22 at another school and 202 and 204 at a third school but they are the same two classes and all three colleges will list them under their general education requirements or in the freshman years on their "sample schedules" if they have those.
Math 124 might be Intermediate Algebra at one school and College Algebra at another school and Calculus at a third school but College Algebra at one school will be very much the same as College Algebra at another school - it will never be Intermediate Algebra.
Physics comes in two versions: algebra based and calculus based. They are not interchangable and you can't always tell which is which by the name, you need to read the course descriptions or check the course equivalencies.
"Survey of" means it is a very basic overview of the subject. "Principals of" is a more rigorous class, covering more information and in greater depth than "Survey of" but not as much or as in depth as "General" - usually. Those three are usually used for classes in subject that are often required in a overview form for majors not in that subject as part of the broad base of knowledge but also in a rigorous form by the majors of that subject. Chemistry, Biology, and Economics are often this way.
A&P might be offered as two classes: an Anatomy class and a Physiology class or as two classes: an A&P I class and an A&P II class. But at the end of either set, you will have covered the same things. Look out of classes offered as A&P with no I or II with them and that add up to less than 8 credits. They may or may not be in depth enough.
Microbiology that is required by the Nursing program
at one school is almost certainly the same microbiology that is required by the nursing program of another school.
Statistics is the least standard, at least as far as the name compared to the content.
Oh, and all of this is to give you a start.... it is rare to find a college that doesn't reserve the right to have the final say despite what the websites say about transfer credit or what the course descriptions say.