It is a unionized workplace. Not sure about the question, "is this a new position?" I'm at a new facility. New employee. And my knowledge is very limited on understanding unions. And side note, the dues totalling for the year just seem so high.
A rep came and spoke with us during the orientation. And this is when everything was explained. And when I learned of this "union." I'm new to all this. Perhaps it could of been failure on my part for not fully researching the Hospital prior to applying. Anyhow, I have no issues in joining but just wanted clarification if this was legal.
Yes, it is legal. Massachusetts is not a "right-to-work" state. The MNA has a list on its website of all of its bargaining units. The job posting likely included something about the union in it- every job posting I've seen for the big union hospitals in the city (BMC, Tufts, BWH, DFCI) does.
"Closed shop" workplaces are common outside the South. If it's not a "right to work" state (and the whole point of such legislation is to weaken unions and their representation of workers) and you take a job in a facility where the workers are represented by a union, then, yes, you have to join the union to work there. The union is legally obligated to represent all the workers in their category; why should some workers get to have union representation for free while others are paying for the benefits? If it's a big deal, find a non-unionized employer.