Quote from Salus69
I am considering entering the nursing field and I have many questions. I will just ask a few here in hopes of some clarity.
1) What separates the practice of nursing from the practice of medicince?
2) What is the differences between a physican's assistant, medical assistant, a nurse practioner and a clinical nurse specialist.
3) What are the job differences between an LPN vs. a RN
Thank you in advance.
Physicians are responsible for the identification and treatment of human illness. The chief responsibility of a doctor is to discover and ufold what is wrong with a patient.
Nurses are responsible to assess and react to a patient's overall response to care. Nurses are also chiefly responsible for the coordination of care that a patient receives.
A Clinical Nurse Specialist is a Masters level nurse that has a defined responsibility in a specific clinical area and has advanced knowledge in that area. Many Clinical Nurse Specialists are employed as clinical educators or work directly on a unit and assist floor nurses with identifying care needs of the patients. They also serve a vital function in training an educating othr nurses on the floor.
Advance Practice Nurses (APN) are nurses that either have a Masters in Nursing or a post graduate certification or degree in Advance Practice Nursing. These individuals are still nurses, but they have an advance practice license that allows them to bridge nursing and medicine and diagnose as well as perscribe medications. In many States, an advance practice nurse must have a sponsoring or collabortive relationship with a physician in order to perscribe certain medications. In many States, an advance practice nurse can perscribe certain medications on their own. In addition, Advance Practice Nurses function legally on their own licensure as a Advance Practice Nurse.
A Physicians Assistant (PA) is an individual that possess (in most States) a Masters degree as a PA. These individuals work directly under the supervision of a physician and carry out many of the duties of a physician. They are NOT independently licensed as PA's, rather they work off the license of their physician. In many states, a PA and APN function quite the same, although an APN is governed by the Board of Nursing and a PA is governed by the Board of Medicine (I think).
A Medical Assistant is an individual that has gone to school (some for one year, others for 2 years) and function primarily in a physician's office. I do believe that Medical Assitants are licensed, but I am not certain of this.
A Registered Nurse is the coordinator and manager of care for patients in a number of different clinical environments. Becoming an RN has several different educational tracks (either a 2 year degree or 4 year degree). The scope of practice for an RN is defined by the Board of Nursing. RN's are licensed by their respective States.
A Licensed Practical Nurse is an individual that goes through a one year intense vocational program (in most States) and works under the direction of the Registered Nurse. The LPN functions in a supportive role and can perform many nursing duties. The LPN is also licensed by their respective States.
I hope this helps and if I have made any mistakes, I am sure someone will correct me.