Nursing and Nurses
Most nurses work in hospitals taking care of sick people and helping them get well. But nurses also work in other places. Visiting nurses go to the homes of the sick. Some nurses' assist in the offices of doctors and dentists. Others work in medical clinics, in schools
, in stores and factories, in the armed forces, and on ships, trains, and airplanes. Nurses may be found wherever needed--in big cities, small towns, and farm areas in all parts of the world.
Besides caring for the sick, nurses help healthy people stay well. They teach children and adults to protect themselves from disease's, like the flu. Nurses may also teach in schools.
Most nurses are women. Ever scrap your knee or fall down and mommy makes it better? Nurses also care for newborn babies.
They see that patients have a daily bath and that they eat proper foods. They make sure that patients do exercises or have treatments that will help them get better. Nurses give medicines to patients and teach patients to care for themselves. Nurses, like mommies, watch and make sure that the people they are taking care of do get better.
The well being of patients is of first importance to nurses. For example, they take time to play with a child, read to a person who cannot see, or write letters for a patient who has a broken arm.
Short History of Nursing and Nurses
Nursing care has been practiced for thousands of years. For example, the early Israelites and Egyptians hired women, later called midwives, who assisted at births.
Nursing, as we know it began in the 1850's with the work of the English nurse Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern professional nursing. Nightingale established the first school of nursing, the Nightingale Training School for Nurses, in London in 1860. Graduates of this school traveled to all parts of the world to teach nursing.