What is a Certified Nurse Midwives (CNM)? - page 2
Certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) are educated in the two disciplines of nursing and midwifery. They provide primary healthcare to women of childbearing age including: prenatal care, labor and delivery... Read More
Dec 4, '13Quote from queenanneslaceThank you for the book link, queenanneslace. And, agree there could be many barriers for those who seek the CM credential as opposed to the CNM cred. In the state(s) where they are already in practice and if this becomes a greater issue, they will still be allowed to practice and not required to be CNM; in other words, they will not be dis-enfranchised unless they decide to move to another state where the CNM is required. So, as long as they stay in their own state, this will not be problematic.A 2010 issue of the Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health devoted quite a few articles to the discussion of regulation of midwifery practice.
If you have access to this journal, or can get to a library that does -there are quite a few articles discussing the relationship between nursing and midwifery.
The article I really appreciated was by Helen Varney Burst: Nurse-Midwifery Self-Identification and Autonomy
Another good resource on the development of the CM credential - which by certification is an equivalent credential to the CNM - and includes the same scope of practice and training (independent practitioners providing well-woman care, gynecology, primary care as well as antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum care) - is a book that's a few years old now titled "Midwifery & Childbirth in America" by Judith Rooks.
[May I link to a google book? Is that allowed?]
Midwifery and Childbirth in America - Judith Rooks - Google Books
Go to page 247, there's a good overview of the development of both the CPM and the CM credentials by MANA and ACNM respectively.
CMs do not have recognition by most states - perhaps, because state BONs license CNMs dually as nurses and CNMs, or advance practice nurses. There is some concern that if CNMs are licensed as APRNs - as many states are currently pushing for uniform APRN licensure across multiple advance practice nurse specialties, that barriers to recognition of the CM credential will be increased.
It is like when those who first started practicing as NP's. They were not required to have a Masters degree. They only had to be a nurse (diploma, ADN, etc.) and be certified as an OB-GYN NP by the NCC; but required no formal training as an NP. Then, a few years ago, a Masters Degree was required along with the NCC certification. They could could still practice as NPs w/o the degree and some still do, but they must do so in their own state. If they relocate, the NP must then be required to have a Masters in order to even be classified as an APRN and many must use the credential, RNP. But, they were not dis-enfranchised.
Most of the midwives with whom I associate are CNM in a hospital setting (and, are Masters-prepared CNM). I do remember, as a child, a Lay Midwife who worked in rural Louisiana and delivered many babies w/o any difficulties at all.
I asked in my original Article had anyone read the book or seen the TV movie (starring Sissy Spacek), Midwives? I don't recall what type of midwife she was. I'm thinking she was a Lay Midwife, although I am not certain. I do remember seeing certificates hanging on the wall of her office. It is a good movie (the book as I recall was much better as books usually are in comparison to the movie).Last edit by sirI on Dec 4, '13
Dec 4, '13I would refer you to the ACNM website and find where the CM scope of practice - by credential - is limited to perinatal care only. This is not true.
Yes CMs are limited by licensing laws in different states, this does not negate the fact that their training and competencies are equivalent to the CNM.
Midwifery - as represented by the ACNM - created a non-nurse credential: the CM - which is a Master's prepared midwife. So this goes back to the original question. Is midwifery truly a subspeciality of nursing if there are non-nursing routes to certification? The Varney Burst article outlines quite nicely the history of nurse-midwifery, midwifery's relationship to nursing, and ramifications for midwifery if the profession is defined as an APRN specialty.
As far as I know, no other APRN specialty has created a non-nurse credential. So the CM is somewhat of a problem child in the APRN world, isn't it?
I think it is a fascinating discussion. If it became accepted that non-nurses could assume an APRN role, why stop at midwives? Would CRNAs need to be nurses? NPs? Would other advance practice nursing roles waive the RN requirement? I can't see that happening. But it makes for an interesting discussion.
Dec 4, '13I would like to reiterate that in the few states where the CM credential is recognized, the scope of service is identical to that of the CNM.
In the two that prepare non-nurses for this certification, the non-nurses sit side-by-side with the nurses and take the identical classes (after a single-semester bridge).
They then sit for the same Boards and are certified by the same body (ACMB) as either CMs or CNMs (depending on whether or not they are RNs)
In my state, the CMs also deliver in hospitals.
Dec 4, '13Quote from sirIYes, I have read it and seen the made-for-TV movie version. She is described in the book as a "lay midwife," having learned via an apprenticeship model. This term really isn't used much in reality though, which is the issues I take with this article. "Lay midwife" describes someone who learns ONLY through apprenticeship, and there are not many midwives who were trained that way.I asked in my original Article had anyone read the book or seen the TV movie (starring Sissy Spacek), Midwives? I don't recall what type of midwife she was. I'm thinking she was a Lay Midwife, although I am not certain. I do remember seeing certificates hanging on the wall of her office. It is a good movie (the book as I recall was much better as books usually are in comparison to the movie).
The majority of non-nurse midwives are Certified Professional Midwives, whose course of study is outlined and regulated by the North American Registry of Midwives (NARM). Using the term "lay midwife" to refer to ANY non-nurse midwife gets a bit tricky because it lumps people like CPMs, whose education is strictly and carefully regulated, with any random person off the street who attends some births and calls him/herself a midwife (not that that is common!).
I loved the book but I don't think it is a good representation of the complexities facing midwifery in the U.S. today.
Dec 4, '13Quote from queenanneslaceYou are right! I was looking at a nice table that compare the scope of practice and education of different types of midwives http://midwife.org/ACNM/files/ccLibraryFiles/Filename/000000001385/CNM%20CM%20CPM%20ComparisonChart%20082511.pdfI would refer you to the ACNM website and find where the CM scope of practice - by credential - is limited to perinatal care only. This is not true.
and realized that CM's do, indeed, have the same scope of practice. I did not realize this beforehand, as we have no CM's here in South Carolina. It seems as they even have prescriptive authority (according to the chart).
I do take some issue with them having the same education as nurse midwives because they are not required to completing a nursing program prior to graduate studies in midwifery, nor do they have to pass the NCLEX. This is not to say that they are not perfectly competent midwives, however they are NOT nurses.
Dec 4, '13Quote from LilyRoseCNMLay midwives still exist in the US, although their dubious legal status and the advent of credentialed midwifery programs have eliminated many."Lay midwife" describes someone who learns ONLY through apprenticeship, and there are not many midwives who were trained that way.
In other countries, however, lay-midwives greatly outnumber college educated ones. My husband is from Guatemala and his grandmother was a traditional midwife who learned from her mother. Most midwives there are not formally trained, although there are at least 2 run in part by American midwives, whose goal is to educate traditional midwives with more modern practices.
Dec 4, '13Quote from mamaguiYou're quite right, I should have clarified that I mean only in the U.S. are "lay midwives" uncommon. Certainly worldwide they are the largest group of midwives, and thank goodness they exist at all! So many women are dying in childbirth due to a lack of basic care.Lay midwives still exist in the US, although their dubious legal status and the advent of credentialed midwifery programs have eliminated many.
In other countries, however, lay-midwives greatly outnumber college educated ones. My husband is from Guatemala and his grandmother was a traditional midwife who learned from her mother. Most midwives there are not formally trained, although there are at least 2 schools run in part by American midwives, whose goal is to educate traditional midwives with more modern practices.
As for CMs, I'm in NYC, where one of our 4 midwifery education programs, SUNY Downstate, created the CM credential in the late 1990s. Here CMs abound and are viewed as interchangeable with CNMs in terms of licensing, scope of practice, and prescriptive authority. Sometimes I forget that most of the rest of the country doesn't recognize the credential or really understand it. I see the merits of the CM credential, as well as the merits of having a foundation in nursing, and am fairly neutral on the issue. I know for a fact there are many CNMs who would like the CM credential eliminated.
Dec 4, '13mm, I'd have to say I'm neutral on the subject as well, given that we don't have them here....I am always interested in learning more, however