I am a nursing student, but I have been the assistant to the nurse at summer camp the past two summers, at a bible-camp in WI, that has eight weeks of camp, (11 weeks of being there) and around 180-200 kids per week.
The most common things that we saw at camp were:
-colds (Robitussin, Mucinex, antihistamines and decongestants... we tended to give the ingredients separately to treat the symptoms there, and avoided most of the "dayquil" sort of products.)
-slivers (I found some unused lancets that were made to go inside a lancet device (the little ones with blue plastic on them) and discovered that they are ideal for removing splinters; they are sharp like a needle or "splinter-out" device is, but they have a bright blue "handle" that seemed to leave the kids much less distressed about being poked.)
(particularly knees, fingers, feet, lips, elbows, shins)
-UPSET STOMACH- related to homesickness, dehydration, overeating/rich food, too much junk food, some actual disease;
-bee-stings without reaction
-Mild allergic reactions- only during the end of the first year I was there, was there any anaphylaxis- and that was in a case where the nurse was unavailable and the first thing that we did, after finding out that it was not the kids' asthma acting up, was that we called the EMTs. They are about 2 minutes out.
Other less frequent injuries/issues:
-people who fell off of horses or had their feet stepped on by them;
-trauma to the head or body from being hit by a carpetball; (an outdoor game at camp, which uses bocce balls)
-broken bones- a girl broke her arm playing basketball one year, and this past year, the daughter of one of thecamp speakers had her arm run over by the camp director's son when she fell down in front of his bike, (complete freak accident) and she broke both radius and ulna in her arm; her parents were there so it was no big deal; also, my boyfriend who happened to be working at camp, fractured his radius when he rolled a go-cart. That was, by far, the most serious thing we dealt with- he had to go home and have surgery, and the placement of a steel plate and 7 screws into his arm.
-we had a staff member who complained of a stomach-ache that we couldn't treat with any sort of OTC meds for stomach aches. she had type 2 diabetes that was out of control and not medicated, and that she had blood sugar of about 300+ and did not want to go to the doctor because of insurance... now i look at it and can see very plainly, that she showed the symptoms of hyperglycemia. (we did our best to encourage her to avoid most carbohydrate foods, and eat healthily and exercise- but she didn't comply... and we sent her home after a few weeks, because she needed to get more medical attention.
things we used up a lot:
band-aids: particularly knuckle bandaids; large bandaids; transparent dressings are amazing
CHILDRENS TYLENOL/IBUPROFEN (we found it useful to have both liquid and solid forms- liquid for the younger children, and then tablets, up to age 12; camp only had 3 weeks where we really had any kids under 12, as 3 weeks were 3rd-6th grade, and the other three were 7th-12th grades.)
ICE! Ice is the cure-all for injuries at camp. At least 75% of the things we had happen, were more emotion and stress than real pain, so the first thing we did to relieve pain was always to send the kid to sit down with an ice-pack. Most of the time, by the time the ice-pack was warm, the kid's pain was gone, and so was his/her focus on the problem... which usually started out when the kid got "hurt" not wanting to participate in an activity.
If ice didn't work, then we generally decided that it was real injury, and gave the kids ibuprofen or tylenol.
...a lot of other stuff I can't think of....
we also had a supply of gatorade, glucose tablets, lip balm, sanitary supplies, and
We had some very extensive standing orders with the very cooperative doctor in town, so that we had standing orders to treat nearly any common problem that parents treat at home. One thing that was neat about them is that we had standing orders for double the bottle dosage of tussin- this seemed to be a lot more effective than the single dose- and it's interesting that now Robitussin has come out with a form of their cough syrup that is twice as strong.
DO NOT jump too quickly to send a kid to the dr's office because you're afraid his toe is broken. Call the parent first, at least- and then, remember- the doctor will look at the toe, and proceed to tape the toes together and send you on your way. The nurse I worked with sent me to the dr with a boy whose toe was hurting a lot- and this is all he did. His opinion was that an x-ray was pointless, as the treatment would be the same, broken or not- and that we should just treat by wrapping them and giving him ibuprofen.
One final note...
there can be a LOT of faked injuries! Sometimes a kid wants to go home, so they fake injury to get sent home; other times they are just not wanting to participate in a game, or sit in a teaching session, or class, or other activity- or if they don't like the kind of food that the camp has, they may say they are sick, instead of admitting why they aren't eating it. Sometimes, they even just like the attention of being injured, so when the opportunity arises to get the nurses' attention and some crutches, and rides around camp... they jump at it!
Of course- this is all just my experience, and has only had 1/2 a nursing program's knowledge applied to it... but it certainly seemed that nursing at camp is very basic compared to most other places.