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kaideeque

kaideeque

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  1. kaideeque

    Anyone Up For Random FACT THROWING??

    GOT THIS FROM: Brainstorm NCLEX-RN Updates: NCLEX-RN Topic 8: THERAPEUTIC DIET FOR SPECIFIC CONDITIONS THERAPEUTIC DIET FOR SPECIFIC CONDITIONS CHON is protein/ CHO is carbohydrates. AGE - CLEAR LIQUID AGN - LOW NA , LOW CHON ADDISON'S - HIGH NA , LOW K ANEMIA , PERNICIOUS - HIGH CHON , VIT. B. ANEMIA SICKLE CELL - HIGH FLUID GOUT - PURINE RESTRICTED ADHD AND BIPOLAR - FINGER FOODS BURN - HIGH CAL. HIGH CHON CELIAC - GLUTEIN FREE CHOLECYSTITIS; Cholelithiasis, Choledocholithiasis, Cholangitis - HIGH CHON, HIGH CARB, LOW FAT Low-fat diet to avoid stimulating the gallbladder, which constricts to excrete bile with subsequent pain; calories principally from carbohydrate foods in acute phases; of weight loss is indicated, calories may be reduced to 1000 to 1200; postoperatively clients may take fat-restricted diets initially but progress to regular diets CHF - LOW NA , LOW CHOL. CROHNS aka Regional Enteritis aka granulomatous colitis - HIGH CHON AND CHO, LOW FAT CYSTIC FIBROSIS - HIGH CAL., HIGH NA LITHIASIS----ACID ASH FOR ALK. STONES------ALK. ASH FOR ACID STONES (1) Calcium stones: low-calcium diet (400 mg daily), achieved by eliminating dairy products; if phosphate involvement, limit high-phosphorus foods (e.g., dairy products, meat); if oxalate involvement, avoid oxalate-rich foods (e.g., tea, almonds, cashews, chocolate, cocoa, beans, spinach, rhubarb); because calcium stones have an alkaline chemistry, an acid ash diet can be used to create an acidic urinary tract, which is less conducive to their formation; encourage whole grains, eggs, cranberry juice, and limit milk, vegetables, fruit; provide riboflavin, vitamins A and C, and folic acid supplements (2) Uric acid stones: uric acid is a metabolic product of purines; limit purine foods (e.g., meat (especially organ meats], meat extracts, and to a lesser extent whole grains and legumes); alkaline-ash diet because the stone composition is acid (3) Cystine stones (rare): low methionine because methionine is the essential amino acid from which the nonessential amino acid cystine is formed; limit protein foods (meat, milk, eggs, cheese); alkaline-ash diet, because the stone is an acid composition DECUBITUS ULCERS - HIGH CHON , HIGH VIT C DIARRHEA - HIGH K AND NA Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis - High-fiber diet after acute phase; Bowel rest: NPO or low-residue diet during initial acute phase; Addition of bran to everyday foods; Avoid intake of seeds and foods with small seeds such as berries and figs DUMPING SYNDROME - HIGH FAT, HIGH CHON, DRY, LOW CARBOHYDRATE HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY-LOW CHON HEPATITIS - HIGH CHON,HIGH CAL. HIRSPRUNGS - LOW RESIDUE, HIGH CHON AND CHO CIRRHOSIS - LOW CHON Clients with ascites are fluid-restricted to prevent further accumulation of ascitic fluid Diet restrictions include low sodium intake to prevent further ascitic fluid accumulation and decreased protein intake Provide small frequent meals Lifestyle changes include dietary restrictions, abstinence from alcohol, fluid restrictions; suggest nutrition consultation Teach client to reduce intake of foods that are high in sodium; canned and frozen foods, highly processed cheeses, potato chips, etc. must be avoided MENIERE'S - LOW NA MI AND HPN - LOW CHOL.,FATS,NA HYPERTHYROIDISM- HIGH CAL. AND CHON HYPOTHYROIDISM - LOW CAL. LOW CHOL, LOW SAT. FAT NEPHROTIC SYNDROME - LOW NA, HIGH CHON , HIGH CAL. Hepatitis - Diet therapy - High protein to heal liver tissue; total should approximate 75 to 100g; High carbohydrate to meet energy needs and restore glycogen reserves; total should be300 to 400g; Moderate fat to make food palatable; total should be 100 to 150g; High calorie to meet increased energy needs for disease process, tissue regeneration, and to spare protein for healing; total should be 2500 to 3000; Vitamins A and E when steatorrhea is present; mineral supplements of calcium and zinc HYPERPARATHYROIDISM - LOW CALCIUM HYPOPARATHYROIDISM - HIGH CA, LOW PHOSPHORUS OSTEOPOROSIS - HIGH CALCIUM AND HIGH VIT. D PANCREATITIS - LOW FAT Diet regulated according to the client's condition: nothing by mouth; parenteral administration of fluids and electrolytes, total and peripheral parenteral nutrition; diet low in fats and proteins, with restriction of stimulants such as caffeine and alcohol PUD - HIGH FAT, HIGH CARB. LOW CHON No foods have been determined to be ulcerogenic but some foods aggravate active PUD (coffee, cola, tea, chocolate, foods high in sodium and spicy food) and these should be avoided in the acute phase; even decaffeinated coffee stimulates coffee stimulates gastrin release PKU - LOW CHON / PHENYLALANINE Treatment is dietary, restricting phenylalanine intake to 20-30 mg/kg body weight Keep phenylalanine serum levels 2-8 mg/dl Use Lofenalac formula for infants and later PIH - HIGH CHON RENAL FAILURE (ACUTE) - moderate/LOW CHON,HIGH CARB moderate/low CHON (to decrease workload of the kidney) and high carbohydrate; After the diuretic phase, the patient is placed on a high-protein, high-calorie diet Chronic Renal Failure ***moderate to low protein CHON, high carbohydrates, low potassium, and low phosphorous; Very low protein (20 g); minimal essential amino acids make body use its own excess urea nitrogen to synthesize the nonessential amino acids needed for tissue protein production LOW NA (OLIGURIC PHASE) HIGH CHON , HIGH CAL AND RESTRICTED FLUID (DIURETIC PHASE) RENAL FAILURE (Chronic) - LOW CHON , LOW NA , LOW K Ulcerative Colitis - Diet therapy may include a low-residue diet or in severe cases nothing by mouth to rest the bowel: TPN will be ordered in severe cases; Avoid foods that exacerbate symptoms: raw vegetables, raw fruits, whole-grain breads and cereals, seeds, nuts, popcorn, and any highly spiced or hot.
  2. kaideeque

    Anyone Up For Random FACT THROWING??

    thank you!!
  3. kaideeque

    Anyone Up For Random FACT THROWING??

    Does anyone know what CHON and CHO diets stand for??? help!
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