Quote from BoonersMom
I mean PATIENT positions in the bed.
I have to list the uses/contradictions of each of the bed positions. I have found ALL the contradictions in my book and the use for fowlers and side lying...but I can't find when you would use supine/prone/sims. I can think of a few but I was wondering if anyone could give me any input at all. Thanks!
Supine: Many patients are comfortable in this position. If patient is unconscious, this is the normal anatomical position that the patient will be posed in (with frequent repositions to avoid pressure sores). This position allows for correct body alignment.
Prone: The body is straightend out in the prone position because the shoulders, head and neck are in an erect position, the arms are easily placed in correct alignment with the shoulder girdle, the hips are extended and the knees can be prevented from flexing or hyperextending. This position helps to prevent flexion contractures of the hips and knees. This position is contraindicated for patients with spinal problems.
Sims: It's a variation of the lateral position (side lying). The main body weight is borne by the anterior aspects of the humerus, clavicle, and ilium, thus the major pressure points differ from those in the other positions. This position can be used as an alternative when inserting a catheter into a female patient.
Source: Fundamentals of Nursing: The art and science of nursing care, 5th edition, pages 1131-1132, 1313.