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- Jan 27, '12 by GrnTeaof course. your nursing dx can have multlple causes, so you can list multiple causes. and you can list a medical dx as a cause, because, well, it can be the cause of the symptoms you cite as evidence for your nursing diagnosis.
have you actually looked in the nanda book? all of that is quite clear...and really will help you out with questions like this!Last edit by GrnTea on Jan 29, '12
- Jan 29, '12 by Constantly SurprisedI forget who posted this, or when, but I did get it from this site. Always helps me to refer back to this one.
The rules for constructing a 3-part nursing diagnostic statement are as follows. . .
- P. Stands for the problem. The problem is written as the nursing diagnosis. The words you use in writing the nursing diagnosis have already been determined for you by NANDA-I, the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, International. You merely need to look them up in the most recent copy of one of their publications such as NANDA-I Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions & Classification 2007-2008 or in any of the many currently printed nursing care plan or nursing diagnose reference books that are in publication containing this information. A nursing diagnosis is only a shortened label of the nursing problem which is more broadly defined and expressed in the definition contained in these references.
- E. Stands for the etiology. An etiology is the origin of cause of this identified nursing problem (P). It cannot be stated as a medical diagnosis. In the NANDA taxonomy you will find etiologies listed for many of the nursing diagnoses under the headings of "related factors". For physiological nursing problems (nursing diagnoses) you will need to know the pathophysiology of the disease process in order to determine the correct etiology, or related factor.
- S. Stands for the symptoms. Symptoms are the manifestations of the identified nursing problem (P). In the NANDA taxonomy you will find symptoms listed for many of the nursing diagnoses under the headings of "defining characteristics". Symptoms are proof that the problem exists. You will not have symptoms for "Risk for" diagnoses because these are not actual problems, but anticipated problems. Symptoms are determined by performing a thorough assessment of the patient and finding what is abnormal. Symptoms are abnormal findings.
P related to E as evidenced by S
(P) R/T (E) AEB (S)