Dosage Calculation Questions

Can someone please help me with the following two problems. I have tried several times to work them and cannot come up with the answer that is correct:
Tylenol Elixir grV is ordered. The bottle reads 25 mg/cc. How much should the nurse administer? The answer is 12 ccs, but I can't figure out how to get that number.
A vial contains 2 GM of powder. After being reconstituted with 4 cc saline, how many mls are needed to administer a 500 mg dose? The answer is 1 cc, but again, can't figure out how to arrive at that.
I'm sure I'm not setting up the problems correctly.
Any help would be greatly appreciated!!! I'm doing this as a review for a dosage calculation test and I need to know how to set these up. 

May 31, '09tylenol elixir grv is ordered. the bottle reads 25 mg/cc. how much should the nurse administer? the answer is 12 ccs, but i can't figure out how to get that number.
x : 5 = 60: 1
x = 300
next, use d /h x q to determine how many ml you need. d = the dose ordered; h = the quantity on hand, and q = the total volume of the quantity on hand
x = 325 / 25 x 1
x = 12
a vial contains 2 gm of powder. after being reconstituted with 4 cc saline, how many mls are needed to administer a 500 mg dose? the answer is 1 cc, but again, can't figure out how to arrive at that.
x = 500 / 2000 x 4
x = 0.25 x 4
x = 1
hope this helps. 
May 31, '09Tylenol Elixir grV is ordered. The bottle reads 25 mg/cc. How much should the nurse administer? The answer is 12 ccs, but I can't figure out how to get that number.
on hand: 25mg/cc
ordered: gr 5> 60mg=gr> 5x60=300mg ordered
I do ratio and proportion to figure the dosage calculations out
25mg/cc=300mg/Xcc, solve for X (cross multiply)
300=25x
x=12 cc
A vial contains 2 GM of powder. After being reconstituted with 4 cc saline, how many mls are needed to administer a 500 mg dose? The answer is 1 cc, but again, can't figure out how to arrive at that.
does 2 GM mean 2 grams? Thats what I am assuming. Anyways, 2 grams=2000mg (1000mg to 1 g)
on hand: 2000mg/4cc
ordered: 500mg
ratio and portion again:
2000mg/4cc=500mg/Xcc, solve for X (cross multiply)
4(500)=2000X
2000=2000X
x=1 ccLast edit by melmarie23 on Jun 1, '09 
May 31, '09tylenol elixir grv is ordered. the bottle reads 25 mg/cc. how much should the nurse administer? the answer is 12 ccs.
dose desired: tylenol elixir grain v (5)a vial contains 2 gm of powder. after being reconstituted with 4 cc saline, how many mls are needed to administer a 500 mg dose? the answer is 1 cc.
dose on hand: tylenol elixir 25 mg/cc
amount the dose on hand comes in: 1 cc
conversion factor: 1 grain = 60 mg
by dimensional analysis (factor label) method: 5 grains (dose desired)/25 mg (dose on hand) x 1 cc (amount the dose on hand comes in)/1 x 60 mg/1 grain (conversion factor) = 12 cc (amount the nurse will administer)
if you do the conversion first (5 grains = 300 mg), the problem simply becomes:
300 mg (dose desired)/ 25 mg (dose on hand) x 1 cc (amount the dose on hand comes in) = 12 cc (amount the nurse will administer)
dose desired: 500 mg
dose on hand: 2 grams
amount the dose on hand comes in: 4 cc
conversion factor: 1 gram = 1000 mg
by dimensional analysis (factor label) method: 500 mg (dose desired)/2 grams (dose on hand) x 4 cc (amount the dose on hand comes in)/1 x 1 gram/1000 mg (conversion factor) = 1 cc (amount the nurse will administer)
if you do the conversion first (2 grams = 2000 mg), the problem simply becomes:
500 mg (dose desired)/2000 mg (dose on hand) x 4 cc (amount the dose on hand comes in) = 1 cc (amount the nurse will administer) 
Jun 1, '09Quote from wannabenursetxDon't know if you would be interested in trying to solve this a less mathematical and more verbal way; but, I suspect you are getting hung up on the math to the point you are having difficulty thinking it through.A vial contains 2 GM of powder. After being reconstituted with 4 cc saline, how many mls are needed to administer a 500 mg dose? The answer is 1 cc, but again, can't figure out how to arrive at that.
So, for the above question look at it this way:
The vial contains 2GM of powder & you need to administer 500mg dose; so, 2 GM is the same as 2000mg (converting that to what is asked for in the dose to be given).
Next, looking at the liquid portion, you have 4 cc. The 4 cc in that vial will hold the 2000mg, after being reconstituted.
So, now you will have 2000mg of powder floating around in that 4cc of saline.
Got to administer 500mg dose. But, the full vial of 4cc has 2000mg. 1/2 of that vial is 2cc & 1/2 of the powder floating would be 1000mg. But, you need to give 500mgand, that wouldn't be 1/2 (1000mg in 2cc), it WOULD be 1/4 of that.
1/4 of 2000mg is 500mg & 1/4 of 4cc would be 1cc.
So, to give the dose of 500mg you would have to draw up and administer 1cc (1/4 of the 2000mg floating around in the 4cc of saline). Try to visualize it.