I have a case study regarding bacterial meningitis and aspiration pneumonia. Pertinent medical history is patient is insulin dependent type 2, HTN, kidney transplant, peptic ulcers. Currently intubated and aggressive antibiotic therapy.
I am having trouble with a question..... outline the nursing management of current problems related to his risks for infection, seizures, increases ICP, hypovolemia, and acute pain.
I may be reading to much into the question , but if someone can point me in right direction would greatly appreciate
Firstly, don't give yourself toooo hard of a time here. This patient would be in the ICU. Lets face it, you aren't a super dooper expert. And, there would probably be many opinions about how to take care of this patient. When you say looking up answers, I bet there are many acceptable answers here within reason. The point is for you to consider priorities and create a care plan. I used to overthink case studies big time. Way too analytical. That's how my mind works. But, I did get better over time as I settled into the nursing frame of mind. Lets find the "point" and look at your case study. This is how I would approach it. I'm no expert so don't me too hard of a time here. HAHA.
Diagnosis: Bacterial Meningitis, Aspiration Pneumonia
PMH: Diabetic Type 2, HTN, Kidney transplant, peptic ulcers
Treatments: intubated, ATB therapy
Nursing Management: Risk for infection, Seizures, Increased ICP, Hypovolemia, Acute Pain
My thinking. First, one must prioritize this mess. In terms of maslow, I would prioritize Increased ICP or Hypovolemia first. It is difficult to determine is MORE important. I would say protect brain structures first then take care of fluid issues.
So, priorities could be:
Risk for Infection
Then, go from there. Firstly, we have no physical assessment information. That's okay. Create your hypothetical care plan without it. Start with your first priority nursing diagnosis, determine interventions, and go from there. As far as goals, you can created hypothetical ones there too. While goals are very specific and objective, you could write almost anything you want as long as they are reasonable and measurable. Don't forget to consider PMH when creating your plan. How does intubation, kidney transplant, and diabetes relate to risk for infection? How does diabetes, HTN, Kidney transplant, and meningitis relate to increased ICP or hypovolemia? Seizures and meningitis? Meningitis and risk for infection? meningitis and pneumonia and acute pain? Almost forgot, how does peptic ulcers relate to hypovolemia or acute pain or potentially risk for infection?
Sometimes, creating a visual map or concept map of a complex problem is useful. Hope this helps.