physicians and surgeons earn the most of any occupation, but they have one of the widest gender gaps in pay of all jobs, especially in pennsylvania, a new census analysis shows.
philadelphia inquirer, june 3, 2004 (free registration)
....while the earnings gap
for women has improved markedly - from 53 percent of men's earnings in 1973 to 77 percent
in 2002 - the census bureau noted that women still earned less in almost every income category.
the bureau cautioned, however, that the figures did not necessarily imply discrimination, even based on the idea that women and men of comparable experience in the same job should earn comparable pay.
differences in remuneration, the bureau said, often result from other "processes, such as free choice, geographic location, educational opportunities, industrial growth, culture, marriage and employment practices, gender-based preferences, the presence of unions, work history, and experience."
still, the gaps were stark from job to job, and state to state.
female physicians, nationwide, earned about 63 cents for each dollar earned by male physicians in 1999
. in new jersey, they fared slightly better, earning 65 cents on the dollar.
but in pennsylvania, women made only 58 percent of what men earned, ranking the state 42d worst in pay inequality for physicians and surgeons...