help!!! i have a care plan due soon and since my instructor is not emailing me back and answering my questions, i could really use some help. my patient is 78 years old and diagnosed with gallstone pancreatitis. he is in a lot of pain, has inspiriatory and expiratory wheezes throughout his lungs, sob, his bun (42) and creatinine (4.25) levels are also really high which to me indicates acute renal failure. the patient is on 3lnc, xopenex aerosol treatments, dilaudid q4hrs, lasix, potassium chloride, zosyn, has elevated bilirubin, wbc, alt, ast, amylase, and lipase.he is on a clear liquid diet, is hr ranges from 99-110, occasional sinus tachy on telemetry, +1 edema lower extremities, productive cough with thick yellow sputum, firm &distended/obese abdomen, voided 400ml during 7 hours of clinical day, took in a little over 1000ml during that time, and had warm/dry skin. potassium, iron, albumin, sodium, calcium, hct, hgb, and rbc are all low. there is obviously a lot going on with this patient so i am having a hard time coming up with 5 diagnoses, 3 of which i have to work out. so far i have
i'm not sure if the second one sounds right because i tried describing what causes the pain, and in this case it's the gallstones (obstructing the common bile duct) and the pancreatitis. i also wasn't sure if i should include the diagnsostic studies (ultrasound:[font=rockwell]small stones and sludge within the gallbladder. gallbladder wall approx. 4mm, and ct scan: [font=rockwell]gallstones, dilated cbd and peri-pancreatic inflammation)
- ineffective airway clearance related to increased mucous production as evidenced by sob, inspiratory and expiratory wheezes throughout lungs, pox 93% on 3lnc, productive cough with thick yellow sputum and xopenex aerosol treatments three times a day.
- acute pain related to obstruction and inflammation of the common bile duct, inflammation, edema, distention of the pancreas, and peritoneal irritation as evidenced by patient reporting a pain of 8 on a 1 to 10 scale, the need for dilaudid every 4 hours, pain and tenderness in ruq and back, and pain when coughing.
- excessive fluid volume related to renal insufficiency as evidenced by intake greater than output, shortness of breath, and +1 edema bilaterally in lower extremities.
i was also thinking of using ineffective breathing pattern due to the pain and inflammation and maybe also due to the use of dilaudid which causes respiratory depression, and maybe the secretions could be a cause too???
and for the last one i was going to do imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirement related to reduced food intake (clear liquid diet), and increased metabolic needs...
i would really appreciate any feedback, it's really nice to bounce my ideas off other people.
Feb 8, '11
don't forget to use some p.c. as well:
going down the list here:
activity intolerance, impaired comfort, impaired skin integrity
p.c: electrolyte imbalance, pc: dvt
interventions- cough deep breathing exercise, incentive spirometer, monitor lung sounds, t + r q 2 h, ongoing skin assessment, pain assessment, monitor i/o etc..etc..
and for you 2nd diagnoses :acute pain related to obstruction and inflammation of the common bile duct, inflammation, edema, distention of the pancreas, and peritoneal irritation as evidenced by patient reporting a pain of 8 on a 1 to 10 scale, the need for dilaudid
acute pain r/t gallstone pancreatitis s/t obstruction and inflammation of the common bile duct. aeb: pain of 8 on a 1 to 10 scale thats how i would write it, but good for you listing all those other ones so you understand why you are using that diagnoses
"i was also thinking of using ineffective breathing pattern due to the pain and inflammation and maybe also due to the use of dilaudid which causes respiratory depression, and maybe the secretions could be a cause too???"
monitor respiration rate, and lung sounds, loc a+o x3 some interventios to do
i like reading scenarios like this, keeps current on situations to deal with and using these scenarios to help me with others that i would deal with.
well this is getting to long ill let others follow up on this to :d
Last edit by new_worker on Feb 8, '11