Understanding cardiac gtts - page 2

I could really use a little direction... I work in the SICU but posted here as it has specific regard to my cardiac pts. I have been trying for some time to really understand the gtts that we use on a daily basis and how they... Read More

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    Quote from IHeartDukeCTICU
    hmm pretty interesting to see what you all use at your facilities. I work in the CT-ICU and I'd say most of our post-op patients come out on epi for inotropy & vasoconstritcion r/t SIRS/myocardial stunning. Also, first line vasopressor here is vasopressin. I believe that was r/t multiple studies showing pt's with severe SIRS/SVR syndrome were shown to have abnormally low levels of endogenous vasopressin. However we do start weaning the epi & vaso off within the first few hours and transition them to dopa if they still need inotropic support. We almost never use dob though, must be a surgeon preference. That and we also take alot of high risk hearts who need more of the dopa renal vasodilation effects in addition to some inotropy.
    I also think it is very interesting how different surgeons prefer different things across the country. Epi is pretty rare here, although when I was in NM we used it alot. We never use dopa post OHS here. We use dobuta on nearly everyone, mostly just for decreasing SVR. Compared to other places I have been we definitely do much sicker hearts here, more co-morbidities to begin with. Whenever I go to a new place I am always asking what there preference is, what they want off first etc etc. It's interesting to hear how others do it!

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  2. 1
    Squirtle, I too had difficultly with drips. Why one instead of the other etc. It was not until I pulled out my pharm book and read and re-read the CNS/ANS chapters and really got a good understanding of alpha and beta receptors that things started to click for me.

    I have a book of index cards and I made cards for the receptors and what they do. Then made a card for each medication and which receptor/s it works on. As others have stated you also need to have a decent grasp of hemodynamics. I literally had to write out the definitions in "stupid speak" of inotrope, chronotrope, etc.

    Finally it never hurts to ask the doc why are you using this med in this instance? I do this with all cardiac meds because I had a very poor knowledge of them and could not wrap my head around why this beta blocker instead of this one etc? If the docs aren't receptive try a coworker you admire/respect.

    Finally I have found the book Drugs for the Heart to be very helpful. It is a little bit overkill but has a chapter entitled What drug for which condition which I have found very helpful. I picked up a used copy for less than 20 on Amazon.
    Spoiled1 likes this.
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    Quote from Esme12
    go here.......icufaq's.org index

    and here....Welcome to Critical Care Medicine Tutorials

    It's a great free source...you will love it.
    Esme, As always a wonderful resource. I have learned so much from the links you provide and your posts!
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    the evidence for "renal dose dopamine" is clearly negative with regard to mortality and renal failure...there is no conclusive evidence that it has benefit in either of these areas. however, there is evidence that it directly dilates the renal arteries and can improve renal perfusion. this may produce increased urine output. there is also some inotropic effect (even at renal doses) in certain patients, which may also increase urine output. so for patients in whom an increase in urine output and renal perfusion is sought, dopamine may be used. see the anzics trial ([color=#0a0905]lancet. 356(9248):2139-43, 2000 dec 23-30), or this meta-analysis:
    [color=#0a0905]annals of internal medicine. 142(7):510-524, april 5, 2005. this is a very select patient population, however.
    as you can see, even in medications that have been around for some time, there is still debate as to efficacy and place in therapy. another example is the current debate between dopamine and norepinephrine for cardiogenic shock (see new england journal of medicine,
    [color=#0a0905]362(9):779-89, 2010 mar 4).
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    RNerd81 what's the point in increasing renal perfusion if it doesn't stop the patient from going into renal failure or from dieing? Especially if you look at the safety of the drug you're using. In very select patients it could make the numbers of my fluid balance look better, but that's about all it does.
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    @BelgianRN Two populations that may benefit are those in which we expect more difinitive therapy for heart failure: pre-transplant and LVAD. In these patients, improved diuresis in the short term may prepare them for improved outcomes after surgery. The concept is similar for long-term inotropic support (such as home-going milrinone or dobutamine)...these drugs do nothing to improve mortality, and may even increase mortality, but as a bridge to transplant, they have use...because our goal actually isn't mortality (with their current heart).
  7. 0
    I learn you on formula for any dosage calculation.
    step 1: convert the unit of measurment of both doctor order and medication as same.
    for example: 10 micro/kg/min dopamoin (medication shape= 200 mg/5ml)
    for order= 10 / 1000= 0.001 mg/kg/min or for medication = 200 * 1000 = 200 000 micro
    note: unit of measurment must be same.
    step 2: use 100 cc normal saline as diluent
    step 3: if patient weight is important, multiply pt weight on order. (60 * 10=600)
    step 4: calculate the amount of solvent that contain ordered dose.
    for example:
    200 000 100 cc N/S
    600 X= 600*100/200000
    step 5: multiply X on 60
    (60 000/200 000) * 60 = Y
    Y is the number that you can use for gtt/min or cc/hr
    best regards,
    hassan sharifi
  8. 0
    dobutamine is used to increased contractility, not increase bp!! it treats chf...
  9. 0
    Quote from squirtle
    I could really use a little direction... I work in the SICU but posted here as it has specific regard to my cardiac pts. I have been trying for some time to really understand the gtts that we use on a daily basis and how they act on the body but I seem to have some sort of block in my head when it comes to comprehending the information presented to me Sometimes I feel like I am back in school trying to make sense of algebra- something I was never able to do. :icon_rollI am going to try and explain my confusion in hopes that someone may have an idea of how I can better learn this material. I have bought several books, have bookmarked several websites and something just doesn't click. As an example, I was reading about dobutamine and dopamine today. I don't truly understand the differences between the two. The more I read, the more confused I become. I try to understand vaso- renal dosing vs bp control and become confused by what I read. Why do we like levo in some pts and epi in others? I am not really looking for an answer to those questions specifically- but perhaps a suggestion on a book or some teaching material that goes back to basics and will help me understand why certain drugs act a certain way. Thank you for any direction you can give me.
    If you want to understand the drugs, study the pharmacokinetics. Especially the method of action.

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