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Need help with PICO

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Hey guys! I need help thinking of a PICO statement. It has to do with a renal dialysis floor. This is the first time I have to write a paper using pico so any suggestions will be helpful!! Thank you!

What population do you want to know about? ESRD patients aged 40-60 receiving hemodialysis.

What nursing intervention would you like to perform? Patient teaching on dietary changes to keep fluid gain to a minimum or dietary changes to avoid large fluctuations in electrolyte levels.

Compared to patients that do not adhere to a strict diet.


Then put it in the form of a question.

Do ESRD patients who have been taught about dietary changes...have less fluid gain between dialysis than patients who do not ...

Something like that, it's late and I am getting sleepy. I hope some part of that helps you.

Esme12, ASN, BSN, RN

Specializes in Critical Care, ED, Cath lab, CTPAC,Trauma. Has 41 years experience.

To formulate questions in Evidence Based Practice and use the PICOT format.

PICOT stands for:
  • Population/ Patient Problem: Who is your patient? (Disease or Health status, age, race, sex)
  • Intervention: What do you plan to do for the patient? (Specific tests, therapies, medications)
  • Comparison: What is the alternative to your plan? (ie. No treatment, different type of treatment, etc.)
  • Outcome: What outcome do you seek? (Less symptoms, no symptoms, full health, etc.)
  • Time: What is the time frame? (This element is not always included.)

Your PICOT question should fall under one of these types:

  • Therapy/Prevention
  • Diagnosis
  • Etiology
  • Prognosis

That's so funny, I wrote observation instead of outcome.

Hope you got your assignment completed. :D

So I know this post is old, but I can't help myself. I am searching AllNurses for ideas for a med/surg PICO question and come across this thread. I read through the responses and find that Esme has left a link to Lansing Community College - where I am enrolled in the Nursing Program. I am tickled pink lol