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LAB VALUES

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Helenz Helenz (New) New

HEMATOLOGY VALUES

Red Blood Cell Values

RBC (Male) 4.2 - 5.6 M/μL

RBC (Female) 3.8 - 5.1 M/μL

RBC (Child) 3.5 - 5.0 M/μL

White Blood Cell Values

WBC (Male) 3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed

WBC (Female) 3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed

WBC (Child) 5.0 - 10.0 K / mm cubed

Hemoglobin Values

Hgb (Male) 14 - 18 g/dL

Hgb (Female) 11 - 16 g/dL

Hgb (child) 10 - 14 g/dL

Hgb (Newborn) 15 - 25 g/dL

Hematocrit Values

Hct (Male) 39 - 54%

Hct (Female) 34 - 47%

Hct (Child) 30 - 42%

MCV 78 - 98 fL

MCH 27 - 35 pg

MCHC 31 - 37%

Neutrophils 50 - 81%

Bands 1 - 5%

Lymphocytes 14 - 44%

Monocytes 2 - 6%

Eosinophils 1 - 5%

Basophils 0 - 1%

Hematology Values

CD4+ (normal % value) 31 - 63%

CD4+ (absolute count) 416 - 1751/μL

Red Cell Distribution Width

(RDW)

Coefficient of variation: 11.5 -

14.5%, Standard deviation: 35 -

47 fL

Reticulocyte (adult) 0.5% - 1.5%

Reticulocyte (infant) 0.5% - 3.1%

Reticulocyte (newborn) 1.1% - 4.5%

Polymorphonuclear WBC's

(PMN) 35 - 80%

CARDIAC MARKERS

Troponin I

0 - 0.1 ng/ml (onset: 4-6 hrs,

peak: 12-24 hrs, return to

normal: 4-7 days)

Troponin T

0 - 0.2 ng/ml (onset: 3-4 hrs,

peak: 10-24 hrs, return to

normal: 10-14 days)

Myoglobin (Male)

10 - 95 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs,

peak: 6-10 hrs, return to

normal: 12-24 hrs)

Myoglobin (Female)

10 - 65 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs,

peak: 6-10 hrs, return to

normal: 12-24 hrs)

Troponin I

0 - 0.1 ng/ml (onset: 4-6 hrs,

peak: 12-24 hrs, return to

normal: 4-7 days)

Creatinine Kinase Index (CKIndex)

0 - 3

Creatinine Kinase-MB (CK-MB) 0 - 3 ng/ml

Total Creatinine Kinase 38 - 120 ng/ml

GENERAL CHEMISTRY

Acetone 0.3 - 2.0 mg%

Alanine Aminotransferase

(ALT) 7 - 56 U/L

Albumin 3.5 - 5.0 gm/dL

Albumin (newborn) 2.9 - 5.5 gm/dL

Albumin (child) 3.8 - 5.4 gm/dL

Alkaline Phosphatase 32 - 110 U/L

Anion gap 5 - 16 mEq/L

Ammonia 11 - 35 μmol/L

Amylase 50 - 150 U/dL

Anti-streptolysin O Titer (ASO)

(adult)

Anti-streptolysin O Titer (ASO)

(child)

AST, SGOT (Male) 7 - 21 U/L

AST, SGOT (Female) 6 - 18 U/L

Bilirubin, Direct 0.0 - 0.4 mg/dL

Bilirubin, Indirect total minus direct

Bilirubin, Total 0.2 - 1.4 mg/dL

BUN 6 - 23 mg/dL

Calcium (total) 8 - 11 mg/dL

Carbon dioxide 21 - 34 mEq/L

Carbon monoxide symptoms at greater than or

equal to 10% saturation

Chloride 96 - 112 mEq/L

CK-MM 96 - 100%

CK-BB 0%

Cortisol (8 AM) 5 - 25 gm/dL

Cortisol (8 PM) 2 - 9 gm/dL

Creatine (Male) 0.2 - 0.6 mg/dL

Creatine (Female) 0.6 - 1.0 mg/dL

Creatinine 0.6 - 1.5 mg/dL

Creatinine (newborn) 0.3 - 0.7mg/dL

Creatinine (child) 0.3 - 1.0 mg/dL

Creatinine Kinase Isoenzyme,

MB 0 - 121 U/L

Creatinine Phosphokinase

(CPK) 24 - 195 U/L

Ethanol 0 mg%; Coma: greater than or

equal to 400 - 500 mg%

Ferritin (male) 18 - 250 ng/mL

Ferritin (female) 12 - 160 ng/mL

Folate 3.6 - 20 ng/mL

Folic acid 2.0 - 21 ng/mL

Gamma GT 8 - 78 U/L

Gamma-glutamyl transferase

(GGT) (male) 1 - 94 U/L

Gamma-glutamyl transferase

(GGT) (female) 1 - 70 U/L

Glucose

70 - 110 mg/dL (diuresis

greater than or equal to 180

mg/dL)

Growth Hormone (male) 0 - 4 ng/mL

Growth Hormone (female) 0 - 18 ng/mL

IGF-1 (male) 54 - 329 ng/mL

IGF-1 (female) 142 - 329 ng/mL

HDL (Male) 25 - 65 mg/dL

HDL (Female) 38 - 94 mg/dL

Insulin 0 - 180 pmol/L

Iron 52 - 169 μg/dL

Iron binding capacity 246 - 455 μg/dL

Lactic acid 0.4 - 2.3 mEq/L

Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH) 56-194 IU/L

Lactate 0.3 - 2.3 mEq/L

Lipase 10 - 140 U/L

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

(female)

follicular: 3-14 IU/L, luteal: 2-14

IU/L

Magnesium 1.5 - 2.5 mg/dL

Osmolarity 276 - 295 mOsm/kg

Parathyroid hormone 12 - 68 pg/mL

Phosphorus 2.2 - 4.8 mg/dL

Potasssium 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L

Protein (total) 6.0 - 9.0 gm/dL

Rheumatoid Factor (RF)

SGPT 8 - 32 U/L

Sodium 135 - 148 mEq/L

T3 0.8 - 1.1 μg/dL

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

(TSH) 2-11 microU/L

Thyroglobulin Less than 55 ng/mL

Thyroxine (T4) total 5 - 13 μg/dL

Thyroxine-binding Globulin

(TBG) 12 - 30 mg/L

Free Thyroxine (T4 Free) 0.8 - 1.5 ng/dL

Total protein 5 - 9 gm/dL

Total serum iron (male) 76 - 198 μg/dL

Total serum iron (female) 26 - 170 μg/dL

Transferrin 204 - 360 mg/dL

TSH Less than 9 μU/mL

Urea nitrogen (BUN) 7 - 25 mg/dL

Uric acid (Male) 3.5 - 7.7 mg/dL

Uric acid (Female) 2.5 - 6.6 mg/dL

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) 200-800 pg/ml

LIPID PANEL (ADULT)

Cholesterol (total) Less than 200 mg/dL desirable

Cholesterol (HDL) 30 - 75 mg/dL

Cholesterol (LDL) Less than 130 mg/dL desirable

Triglycerides (Male) Greater than 40 - 170 mg/dL

Triglycerides (Female) Greater than 35 - 135 mg/dL

URINE VALUES

Color Straw

Specific Gravity 1.003 - 1.040

pH 4.6 - 8.0

Na 10 - 40 mEq/L

K Less than 8 mEq/L

Cl Less than 8 mEq/L

Protein 1 - 15 mg/dL

Osmolality 80 - 1300 mOsm/L

Urine Bilirubin Negative

Urine Blood Negative

Urine Ketone Negative

Urine Leukocytes Negative

Urine Nitrite Negative

RBC's 0-2/HPF

WBC's 0-2/HPF

RBC Casts 0/HPF

Urobilogen 0.2-1.0 Ehr U/dl

24 HOUR URINE VALUES

Amylase 250 - 1100 IU / 24 hr

Calcium 100 - 250 mg / 24 hr

Chloride 110 - 250 mEq / 24 hr

Creatinine 1 - 2 g / 24 hr

Creatine Clearance (Male) 100 - 140 mL / min

Creatine Clearance (Male) 16 - 26 mg / kg / 24 hr

Creatine Clearance (Female) 80 - 130 mL / min

Creatine Clearance (Female) 10 - 20 mg / kg / 24 hr

Magnesium 6 - 9 mEq / 24 hr

Osmolality 450 - 900 mOsm / kg

Phosphorus 0.9 - 1.3 g / 24 hr

Potassium 35 - 85 mEq / 24 hr

Protein 0 - 150 mg / 24 hr

Sodium 30 - 280 mEq / 24 hr

Urea nitrogen 10 - 22 gm / 24 hr

Uric acid 240 - 755 mg / 24 hr

COAGULATION

ACT 90 - 130 seconds

APTT 21 - 35 seconds

Platelets 140,000 - 450,000 / ml

Plasminogen 62 - 130%

PT 10 - 14 seconds

PTT 32 - 45 seconds

FSP Less than 10 μg/dL

Fibrinogen 160 - 450 mg/dL

Bleeding time 3 - 7 minutes

Thrombin time 11 - 15 seconds

CEREBRAL SPINAL FLUID

Appearance clear

Glucose 40 - 85 mg/dL

Osmolality 290 - 298 mOsm/L

Pressure 70 - 180 mm/H2O

Protein 15 - 45 mg/dL

Total cell count 0 - 5 cells

WBC's 0 - 6 / μL

HEMODYNAMIC

PARAMETERS

Cardiac Index 2.5 - 4.2 L / min / m squared

Cardiac Output 4 - 8 LPM

Left Ventricular Stroke Work

Index 40 - 70 g / m squared / beat

Mean Arterial Pressure 70 - 105 mm Hg

Pulmonary Vascular

Resistance

155 - 255 dynes / sec / cm to

the negative 5

Pulmonary Vaslular Resistance

Index

255 - 285 dynes / sec / cm to

the negative 5

Right Ventricular Stroke Work

Index 7 - 12 g / m squared / beat

Stroke Volume 60 - 100 mL / beat

Stroke Volume Index 40 - 85 mL / m squared / beat

Systemic Vascular Resistance 900 - 1600 dynes / sec / cm to

the negative 5

Systemic Vascular Resistance

Index

1970 - 2390 dynes / sec / cm to

the negative 5

Systolic Arterial Pressure 90 - 140 mm Hg

Diastolic Arterial Pressure 60 - 90 mm Hg

Central Venous Pressure 2 - 6 mm Hg; 2.5 - 12 cm H2O

Ejection Fraction 60 - 75%

Left Arterial Pressure 4 - 12 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Systolic 15 - 30 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Diastolic 5 - 15 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Pressure 10 - 20 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery Wedge

Pressure 4 - 12 mm Hg

Pulmonary Artery End Diastolic

Pressure 8 - 10 mm Hg

Right Atrial Pressure 4 - 6 mm Hg

Right Ventricular End Diastolic

Pressure 0 - 8 mm Hg

NEUROLOGICAL VALUES

Cerebral Perfusion Pressure 70 - 90 mm Hg

Intracranial Pressure 5 - 15 mm Hg or 5 - 10 cm H2O

ARTERIAL VALUES

pH 7.35 - 7.45

PaCO2 35 - 45 mm Hg

HCO3 22 - 26 mEq/L

O2 sat 96 - 100%

PaO2 85 - 100 mm Hg

BE -2 to +2 mmol/L

VENOUS VALUES

pH 7.31 - 7.41

PaCO2 41 - 51 mm Hg

HCO3 22 - 29 mEq/L

O2 sat 60 - 85%

PaO2 30 - 40 mm Hg

BE 0 to +4 mmol/L

ENDOCRINE VALUES

17-Hydroxycorticosteroid (17-

OHCS) >4 mg/day

Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone

(ACTH) 20-100 pg/ml

Prolactin (PRL) 0-14 ng/ml

Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein

(AFP) 0-44 ng/ml

NursingBro

Has 5 years experience.

I only know about 10 different lab values. I am nervous with so many to memorize :(

You definitely do not need to know all of them for the NCLEX. Know your basics.

I am preapring for Nclex.I need some help for the topic of laboratory values.Its very difficult for me to memeorize...