I started of on the ICU, went to corrections and I've been doin psyche for a lil now. So far the things I'm findin out
A major part of psychiatric problems are sensory nerves generally in the Basil Ganglia.
The Basil ganglia is composed of 4 nucleus:
1. The Striatum ( caudate nucleus and putamen)
2. Pallidium( known as the Globus pallidus)
3. Substantia Nigra
4. The nucleus accendum
Substation Nigra is big d/t the role of dopamine neurotransmitters. Also, that's where our reward center, addiction and some motor movement are at. Too much dopamine schizophrenic Sxs become present. Ex:When Somone does cocaine they receive pleasure d/t the dopamine but too much they start to hallucinate and potentially become psychotic.
Antiphyschotics can cause EXTRA PYRAMIDAL syndromes( I hope I'm spelling
1. Acute Dystonia : this happen hrs to several days after first dose.
Signs are muscle spasms of the face,tongue, neck, back and even laryngeal spasms Which is life threatening.
2. Akathesia: which happens a couple months after first dose. Pt become restless, always has to move, squirming when staying still and very anxious and afraid because this is unwanted
3.Parkisonia syndrom: mimics Parkinson's.
4. Tar dive Dyskinesia: smacking of the lips, twirling , involuntary muscle movement of the fingers toes, and abnormal speech.
All of EPS happens in the basil ganglia. The AIMS is required tool to asses patients for EPS.
There's more. If you have any specific questions just ask.