Normal Vital Signs

  1. 1
    i am in my third year as a nursing student, but sad to say, i really dont know what are normal values of vital signs for adult and for children.

    please correct me if i'm wrong,
    i have known that for an adult the ff are normal values:
    T-36.5-37.5
    P- 60-100
    R- 18-20
    BP- 120-180

    is that right?
    what about for children?

    and for babies....


    when do i say that my patient had hypertension and not?
    please help
    dhaizy anne likes this.
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  3. 5 Comments so far...

  4. 6
    adults:
    • normal temperature: oral (96.8f - 99.5f), rectal (97.3f - 100.2f), tympanic (97.2f - 100.0f)
    • normal pulse: 60 - 100
    • normal respirations: 12 - 20
    • normal blood pressure: 100 - 139/60 - 89
    • reference: expert 10-minute physical examinations, 1997, mosby's
    newborn:
    • axillary temperature: 97.7f - 99.5f
    • pulse: 120 - 160
    • respirations: 30 - 60
    • blood pressure: 73/55 systolic
    one-year old:
    • axillary temperature: 97.0f - 99.0f
    • pulse: 90 - 130
    • respirations: 20 - 40
    • blood pressure: 90/56 systolic
    toddler:
    • axillary temperature: 97.5f - 98.6f
    • pulse: 80 - 120
    • respirations: 20 - 30
    • blood pressure: 92/55 systolic
    pre-schooler:
    • axillary temperature: 97.5f - 98.6f
    • pulse: 70 - 110
    • respirations: 16 - 22
    • blood pressure: 95/57 systolic
    school age child:
    • oral temperature: 97.5f - 98.6f
    • pulse: 60 - 100
    • respirations: 16 - 20
    • blood pressure: 107/64 systolic
    adolescent:
    • oral temperature: 97.5f - 98.6f
    • pulse: 55 - 90
    • respirations: 12 - 20
    • blood pressure: 121/70 systolic
    reference: saunders comprehensive review for the nclex-rn examination, 3rd edition, by linda anne silvestri
    Mehr, prmenrs, Bortaz, RN, and 3 others like this.
  5. 0
    Quote from mjune
    i am in my third year as a nursing student, but sad to say, i really dont know what are normal values of vital signs for adult and for children.

    please correct me if i'm wrong,
    i have known that for an adult the ff are normal values:
    T-36.5-37.5
    P- 60-100
    R- 18-20
    BP- 120-180

    is that right?
    what about for children?

    and for babies....


    when do i say that my patient had hypertension and not?
    please help
    Hypertension is if patient has sustained elevated bp of 140/90
  6. 0
    I also refer back to the client's established base line when considering what is normal or abnormal for them.
  7. 0
    Adult B/P have various ranges. Below 100 systolic is considered hypotensive regardless of whether or not it is "normal" for the patient. Up to 120/80 is considered normal. 121/81 to 139/89 is considered pre-hypertension (if the patient's B/P is in this range [at rest] for at least 3 recordings in a week's time.) 140/90 and higher is considered hypertensive (if the patient's B/P is in this range [at rest] for at least 3 recordings in a week's time). This information I have read over time researching this topic.
    Depending on what text book you read, 60-100 is a normal pulse range or 60-90 is a normal pulse range for adults. 12-20 RR is the range for breathing in the adult. Various texts and the internet will give you text book versions of V/S ranges for all ages. Whichever text you use, the numbers will be close. Back to the rule...monitor the patient... if your recorded V/S don't match up with the text's ranges. Hope this helps.
  8. 0
    Hypotension is rarely clinically significant unless the client is symptomatic, i.e. they are dizzy, weak or experiencing syncopal (passing out) or near syncopal episodes. If a client's BP is 85/50 (as mine often is), they report that is a normal pressure for them them, and they deny symptoms, that BP is usually fine. Though there are some complications with extremely low BP they are not generally a concern in a healthy, active adult.


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