i put a post on how to write a nursing goal on post #157 of this sticky thread in the general nursing student discussion forum:
"client will reduce smoking or quit smoking within 2 months as evidenced by client not smoking"
this is only partially correct. the part, will reduce smoking or quit smoking should be one or the other. be definitive. if the patient reduces his/her smoking put it in specific terms such as will reduce smoking to half a pack a day or will reduce smoking to one cigarette after meals only, along those lines. if possible, the patient should participate and agree to these terms as well or they are not going to cooperate.
is 2 months a realistic time frame? did you research this?
your as evidenced by part of the goal statement is going to be your assessment data that you will be looking for in your future time frame, which is like an appointment to meet up with the patient in order to assess the success or failure of your treatment plan. so, in essence, you are creating a list of criteria you are hoping the patient is going to report back to you if he/she has been successful at either reducing or quitting smoking when they report back to you. so, think about how you would go about assessing that and what positive responses you would want to get from the patient. this is different from the care planning assessments that we do where we are looking for the negative responses that we get from patients that form the basis of evidence to support problems. and that should be a bit of a hint to you that nursing goals are often the positive, or reverse, of negative assessment symptoms or the nursing problem itself with realistic and achievable time frames attached to them.
hope that helps and gives you a better idea of how to develop and word these. once you have written your goal statement, your nursing interventions then need to reflect and support moving toward accomplishing it.