Fetal heart rate and positioning. Where to find the fhr?

  1. LOA - where would you auscultate? Above of below umbilicus?
    LSA - where? Above or below umbilicus.

    Want to auscultate where the back is right?

    What about Direct Sacrum Posterior - where?
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  3. by   madison2383
    All occiput (LOA LOP ROA ROP) will be below the umbilicus and above for saccral (LSA RSA).