Phlebotomy thru port?Register Today!
- by rusty55 Jul 9, '08Has anyone out there ever had this experience? We have a pt needing regular therapeutic phlebotomies but no veins! Dr. suggests a port but
we've never heard or read anything...please advise
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- Jul 10, '08 by iluvivtYes we have done this many times. If you choose to do it this way you may have to get a little creative depending upon the type of equipment you have available. We have to get large syringes (60 ml) and use thos to withdraw the blood. We have a standard phlebotomy bag with an attached 16 gauge needle on it. I would not want to use a vacutainer system on a port. Just respect the port...scrub well and perform a good pulsatile flush when you are done and prn to keep the blood coming.
- Jul 10, '08 by rusty55Thank you for the info, I didn't get a visual on the phlebotomy bag with needle, how do you transfer blood into bag? We've done a peripheral draw with 60ml syringes and just disposed the syringes. Do you happen to have a written procedure? New to this site so I hope this goes out to the responder...Thanks
- Jul 10, '08 by iluvivtI am talking about just doing a regular phlebotmy when the patient has no CVC. or even if they do you can still do it this way. In cases where pt has any CVC you are not obligated to use it. The bag is just a standard blood collection bag with a long iv tubing attached...at the end of the IV tubing is a capped 16 gauge needle. So you perform your venipuncture with the stell needle ...tape it down....then open the roller clamp....lower your collection bag....and blood will filll into the bag. there is also a vacutainer method. Yes I can e-mail you our policy if my hospital does not block it. it usually lets me do it/ Send me a private message and I will send you our phlebotomy protocol. Any More questions...ket me know.
- Jul 14, '08 by PICC ACEYou can "unofficially" do a phlebotomy from a CVC,PICC or port by withdrawing the blood using a syringe to do so,but you should be sure to check with your manufacturer first as these devices are not specifically designed for therapeutic phlebotomy. I looked into this a while back and received confirmation from two companies (Bard and Arrow) that doing Ther. Phlebotomy with their devices was "off label" use and as such you do so at your own risk.
- Jul 14, '08 by iluvivtYes I know what you are saying but if your back is up against the wall ,what are you going to do.You look at the risk vs the benefit,and clearly if the patient needs the phlebotomy and that is the only way to achieve it ...you go for it. So instead of drawing 10 ml blood for sampling you draw 500 ml off...the procedure is basically the same...just keep the blood moving...and if need be periodically stop and flush.
- Jan 15, '09 by eernutsIn my institution, the lab does the therapeutic phlebotomy and my nurses who work in pre-admission testing (of all places) monitor the patient. I want my PAT nurses doing PAT work. Forgive my ignorance, but does a nurse have to be present for therapeutic phlebo?
- Jan 30, '09 by accessqueenI would want a nurse to be, if not present, then immediately available. We have had, on more than one occasion, patients vasgo-vasal and completely pass out.
- Jan 12, '10 by RNONC3048Does anyone know if their BON has ruled that Theraputic Phlebotomy via a VAD/Port is outside RN Scope of Practice?? NH has--
- Feb 28, '10 by gcuprakMy hospital at Cody Wyoming does these all the time. 500 ml blood is taken from pt through port access using a 19 gauge huber needle ( any smaller clots). a three way stop valve is attached to the needle and extention line. a 10 ml syringe or larger is attached to one valve and a regular phleboltomy bag is attached to the bottom valve via a buffalo cap. Blood is drawn off the pt into the syringe and then pushed into the phlebotomy bag. This continues untill the desired amount is drawn off. about every 100 ml of blood, I find it helps to flush with 10 ml NS and then 5 mls of heparin. A steady flow of in and out is needed to keep the blood from clotting.