the tricupsid valve repair patient has orders for d5w 1000 ml with 30,000 u heparin. infuse at 500 u/hr. drop factor is 60 gtt/ml.
i need to find the ______ ml/h
______ ml/min
_______ gtt/min
find ml per hour: you've been given the essential information, what's in the iv bag and how fast it's infusing. that's all you need to find this answer. you merely set these ratios up in a dimensional analysis equation in order to cancel out the labels on the numbers so you end up with a ratio, or fraction, that has "ml" in the numerator and "hour" in the denominator of the final answer. dimensional analysis is all about manipulating the terms of the equation.
1000 ml/30,000 units (dose you have available) x 500 units/1 hour (what you are giving the patient) = 16.666 ml/hour
find ml per minute: this merely requires a conversion factor to be applied
to the problem
1000 ml/30,000 units (dose you have available) x 500 units/1 hour (what you are giving the patient) x 1 hour/60 minutes (conversion factor) = 0.27777 ml/minute
find drops per minute: you merely apply the drop factor of your tubing to the equation.
1000 ml/30,000 units (dose you have available) x 500 units/1 hour (what you are giving the patient) x 1 hour/60 minutes (conversion factor) x 60 gtts/1 ml (drop factor of iv tubing) = 17 drops/minute (after rounding off)
your hypertensive patient has orders for nipride 50 mg in 250 ml d5w. infuse at 3 mcg/kg/min for a patient weighing 82 kg. drop factor is 60 gtt/ml.
i need to find __246 mcg/min__ amt. drug/min for 82 kg patient
______ amt drug/ml
_______ ml/min
________ gtt/min
i'm not sure i'm understanding exactly what you are supposed to calculate here, but i'll try. your 82 kg patient is supposed to get 246 mcg/min. that is 3 mcg (dose desired) x 82 kg (patient's weight).
amount of drug per ml:
500 mg/250 ml (dose on hand) x 1000 mcg/1 mg (conversion factor) = 2000 mcg/1 ml
find ml per minute to be given: use the above answer to calculate this figure.
3 mcg/1kg (dose to give) x 1/1 min (the time part of the dose to give) x 82 kg (weight of patient) x 1 ml/2000 mcg (amount of drug per ml) = 0.123 ml/min
find gtts/min:
0.123 ml/1 minute (infusion rate determined above) x 60 gtts/1 ml (drop factor of iv tubing) = 7.38 gtts/min = 7 gtts/min (rounded off)