cholesterol level

  1. hi i just want to know what is the normal level of cholesterol? is HGT the same with cholesterol test? what do u use in getting a cholesterol level and what are the foods or medicines that lowers cholesterol levels?
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  3. by   GingerSue
    dyslipidemia drugs are used to manage elevated blood lipids

    dyslipidemia is associated with atherosclerosis

    elevated total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, and reduced HDL cholesterol are the abnormalities that are major risk factors for coronary artery disease

    Total serum cholesterol - normal or desirable = less than 200 mg/dL
    borderline high = 200 - 239, high = 240 or above

    LDL cholesterol - optimal = less than 100 mg/dL
    near or above optimal = 100 to 129
    borderline high = 130 - 159
    high = 160 to 189
    very high = 190 or above

    HDL cholesterol - high = more than 60 mg/dL
    low = less than 40

    Triglycerides - normal or desirable = less than 150 mg/dL
    borderline high = 150 - 199
    high = 200 - 499
    very high = 500 or above


    Categories of drugs for dyslipidemia include:
    HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors or statins
    Bile Acid Sequestrants
    Fibrates
    Niacin
    Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors

    Any dyslipidemic drug therapy must be accompanied by an appropriate diet.
    Prevention of dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis includes a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fats
    Grapefruit juice increases serum drug levels, and some of the statins should not be given with grapefruit juice (the statins are more effective if taken in the evening or at bedtime because more cholesterol is produced by the liver at night and the drugs block cholesterol production)

    A low-fat diet is needed, reducing the amount of saturated fat from meats, dairy products. And eating a bowl of oat cereal daily can help lower cholesterol by 5% to 10%.
    Last edit by GingerSue on Mar 21, '07

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