need help understanding significance of scVO2

  1. Can someone help me understand the scV02. I know it is not a good thing when it is high because it indicates the cells are not able to utilize the oxygen. But what is the significance of that test. Can;t you find out the same thing by doing a lactic acid level. Basically don't they give you the same information. Thanks to anyone who can help me with this.
  2. Visit COCO LOPEZ profile page

    About COCO LOPEZ

    Joined: Jul '11; Posts: 2


  3. by   detroitdano
    Low SvO2 means the entire body is extracting more oxygen than normal from the blood. High means your body is taking less oxygen from the blood because the vessels are so clamped down they cannot get oxygen into the tissues.

    Lactic acid is a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism, when the tissues have used up all the oxygen it can during aerobic metabolism. Everyone has what they call a normal SvO2 but for me it's 60-75%. That means 25-40% of the oxygen pumped out by your heart is being used by the body, 60-75% of the circulated oxygen makes it way back without being utilized. If your SvO2 is, for example, 55, you might not see anaerobic metabolism. Your body is just extracting more oxygen for normal function. At 30 or 40, you're likely going to see anaerobic metabolism and a concurrent rise in lactate or even lactic acidosis.

    You can also see a rise in lactate without a drop in SvO2 for many other reasons (i.e. tissue death, respiratory distress, etc.), so you have to know the whole picture to utilize either the SvO2 or lactate properly to treat your patient.
  4. by   Da_Milk_of_Amnesia
    It's all about oxygen utilization !
  5. by   COCO LOPEZ
    Is there a difference between a mixed venous and scVO2. I know the mixed is from the PA, but if you don't have a swan does the scVO2 give you the same info? Thanks
  6. by   detroitdano
    ScvO2 means venous sat readings from the blood before it returns to the right atrium, in your superior vena cava. PA catheter/mixed venous sats measures downstream from where the ScvO2 is taken, past the right atrium, where blood from the coronary sinus has "mixed" with blood returned from the rest of the body.

    Your heart sucks up a lot of oxygen, so the coronary sinus blood has a lower SvO2, let's say the sat is 30%. Mix that with blood with a sat of 60%. The combined, mixed sat, will be less than 60% now.