The good news is, it sounds like your instructor has given you a great detailed outline of what he wants, so it should all be very easy! **The MOST important thing, when you are given such a detailed task list, is make sure you address every point he has listed
- Gather some references from the article in question, read them, and reword what kind of problem the authors were trying to address. Eg. a brief summary of why the quality of the nursing care is important with relation to nosocomial UTIs. You should be able to get this info from the article abstracts or introductions and reword it. Summarize from the articles what the issue was, and how the research to date has addressed it.
2. Research Question or Statement
- This is simply as described. Write down what exactly their research question to be addressed was.
3. Sampling Design -
Again, just as listed. Talk about the study population, inclusion and exclusion criteria, whether all patients enrolled were accounted for at the end of the study (loss to follow up, or 'attrition'), sampling design and execution.
4. Ethical Considerations
- This should be listed in the paper (eg. informed consent was obtained, ethics committee approval was obtained).
- How did they gather their data? Eg. Survey, chart review, etc.
- what were the authors able to prove? Was it significant with regard to the problem identified in the research question? Was the results statistically significant (eg. p<0.1 or <0.05)? Does it mean anything in terms of clinical outcomes? eg. did the patients with less UTIs have shorter hospital stays?
- Was the study worthwhile? How will it be used in the clinical area? How could it have been made better (bigger sample size, different methodology, different data collection)?
8. Your Opinion
- This should be simple at this point. How do YOU think you could use this research? Could it be reproduced in your area? Could it have implications for different types of infections in the same area studied? etc
OK I am all typed out. If you are still lost, I have some great articles about introductory literature critiquing I'd be happy to send you.