jackson-pratt is the name of a type of drainage tube that is left in an operative wound to help remove drainage fluids. it works by applying negative pressure, or mild suction, and continuously pulling out any drainage fluid that might be present from the wound area. the tubing is laid into the open surgical area just prior to final closure of the wound. the outer end of the tubing is connected to a bulb very similar in size to the bulb you use to inflate a blood pressure cuff. this bulb, however, has an exit port. the nurse is responsible for emptying, measuring, re-applying the suction pressure and documenting the drainage from this bulb on a regular basis. if the patient is sent home with this jackson pratt drain still in place then discharge teaching will include showing the patient how to empty the bulb periodically and re-apply the pressure. here is a link to a very nice picture of a jackson-pratt drain:
- the site states " the jackson-pratt drain consists of a plastic tubing with multiple perforations that is left inside the wound. it is introduced through a separate stab wound and sutured to the skin. it is connected to a plastic bulb that is squeezed and emptied of its air content. when the bulb is allowed to recoil, it creates a vacuum and sucks blood or fluid from the wound, thus preventing hematoma or seroma formation. it is usually removed a day or two after the operation." in clinical areas you will often see a jackson-pratt drain referred to as a "jp drain". that is just shorthand.
a penrose drain is merely a length of sterile flexible rubber tubing that is also placed in the incisional wound just prior to final closure with it's outer end sticking out of the incision or a separate stab wound. they come in various sizes and the size the surgeon uses will depend on the amount of drainage anticipated or the size of the wound. unlike the jackson-pratt drain which uses negative suction and nicely contains all the liquid fluid drainage neatly in it's bulb, a penrose drain merely continues to empty its liquid contents to the outside of the body as it occurs. therefore, the patient needs to have a dry, sterile dressing in place over the penrose drain to catch these fluids. at this site you can see a penrose drain in the bottom right photo in the right side of the patient's nose. it's that beige round tan thing coming out of the nose. http://www.ghorayeb.com/septalabscess.html
this next picture isn't the greatest, but it is of a rat (yes, a rat) that had an eye removed. a penrose drain was placed in the eye cavity and there is a picture of it about halfway down this webpage http://www.xs4all.nl/~tirion/medical.html
the patient did not have a colostomy. the case scenario is telling you that. he has had a right hemisphere colectomy. another name for this is a right hemicolectomy. a colectomy is an excision (removal) of part or all of the colon. in this case, the right hemisphere, or part of the transverse and the entire ascending colon. it is done through an incision into the abdomen. when a colectomy is performed a section of the colon is removed and the two ends of intestine that remain are anastomosed (connected) together. a right hemicolectomy specifically is surgical removal of the right colon (including 10 cm of transverse colon and 10 cm of ileum) followed by ileocolonic anastomosis. (surgical operations
) what do you suppose some of the post op changes to the patient's bowel movements might be with a surgery like this? think about the function of the colon and it's role in reabsorbing water.
the adrete anesthesia recovery score is a simple scoring system, usually based on a 1 to 10 number system, by which each patient is evaluated prior to their release from the post anesthesia recovery unit. it was developed about 30 years ago by an anesthesiologist by the name of dr. antonio aldrete. usually, a score of at least a 9 is desireable. here is a link to a site that includes the aldrete post anesthesia recovery score and the scores. it is about 1/6th down the page of the article. from this, and the information you were given in your case scenario you will be able to determine an aldrete score for your case study patient. http://www.nursingceu.com/courses/152/index_nceu.html