a blood transfusion is a medical treatment ordered by the doctor to treat a symptom that the doctor found when he assessed this patient and found the symptoms of the anemia. people are anemic and need blood because
- they are bleeding and loosing blood (blood loss anemia)
- they have some other type of anemia, commonly the absence of a component needed for the formation of the rbcs or a genetic error in their synthesis (aplastic, iron deficiency, sickle cell)
- they have kidney disease which also affects the ability of the body to replace its supply of rbcs
to care plan this i would first consider what the symptoms would be of having low rbcs. were they corrected with the transfusion? if this information is not available to you about the patient, then i would consider the complications and implications
of transfusion that could happen down the line
for a care plan. this would require looking up what happens to a foreign rbc that enters a person's body and how their system deals with it, what precautions the patient should take post-transfusion. there is information about transfusions on post #5 of this sticky thread: http://allnurses.com/nursing-student...iv-127657.html - any good iv therapy or nursing procedure web sites.