Teaching and Learning in the Affective Domain
The affective domain describes a person's emotional attributes. As educators, why should we be concerned with the affective domain and how can these factors impact teaching and learning?
Bloom divided the process of learning into three broad hierarchical domains, or taxonomies. The three parts are not clear-cut, but overlap and interrelate.
- Cognitive domain – intellectual ability, reasoning.
- Affective domain – feelings, attitudes, and motivation.
- Psychomotor domain – physical aptitude, manual dexterity, motor performance skills.
The affective domain describes a very complex type of emotional intelligence, encompassing attitudes, self-esteem, motivation, perceptions, feelings, and beliefs. It is distinguished from cognition and psychomotor skills, yet intimately related. Every cognitive and psychomotor behavior has an affective component. Many parts of the brain are involved.
Cognitive learning and retention of content are strongly impacted (either reinforced or hindered) by attitudes, motivation, and values. Affective attributes, therefore, are an important part of the teaching/learning process.
The affective domain is classified into five hierarchical levels of emotional commitment: receiving, responding, valuing, organizing, and characterizing.
Receiving (the lowest level) – being aware, passively open to experience, willing to pay attention. Without this foundational level, no learning can take place.
Responding (the next level) – reacting in some way, active participation in learning process, some commitment and behavior change.
Valuing (third level) – showing some definite commitment to certain ideas, attaching values, supporting.
Organizing (fourth level) – incorporating new values into one's personal value system, ranking and prioritizing values.
Characterizing (the highest level) – consistently demonstrating behaviors in accordance with new internalized values, embracing a belief system to such a degree that the new values become "characteristic" of the learner.
Learning in the affective domain must be nurtured on a long-term basis through a profession's socialization process. This type of learning facilitates the development of professional identity, judgment, and critical thinking, which in turn promotes high standards of performance.
More on the three learning domains and their implications for nurse educators to follow...
Bloom's Taxonomy – learning domains
Teaching methods in the affective domain
Teaching and learning in affective domain
Learning theories and instructional strategies
Krathwohl's Taxonomy of affective domain
Krathwol et al.'s Taxonomy of the affective domainLast edit by Joe V on Jan 8, '15
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Nurse Educator; from US
Specialty: 16 year(s) of experience in Gerontological, cardiac, med-surg, pedsMay 26, '09The affective domain is very important for nurse educators because this is the domain in which a nursing student's professional identity is formed. It is also the domain in which professional values, such as the ANA Code of Ethics, are imparted.Last edit by VickyRN on May 26, '09May 27, '09nursing is all about caring with love and sincerity. I mean you'll go all your life being like that. Affective learning is very important in our profession...:smilecoffeeIlovecof:wshgrt::luvnltr:May 29, '09Quote from blue_yuinaExcellent point, blue_yuina.Affective learning is very important in our profession...
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