H5N1, Bird Flu Updates - page 4
Tracking Bird Flu Cases Bird flu deserves its own thread for tracking suspected and confirmed cases. It's not the pandemic virus, but it is still an ongoing and significant threat because of its... Read More
Jan 21, '10 by indigo girlHa Tinh, Vietnam
They will never be able to eradicate H5N1 from Vietnam. This is like sticking a finger into a dyke.
Quote from crofsblogs.typepad.comA flock of ducks owned by Trinh Van Thuat in Tien Tien hamlet, Thach Quy ward, Ha Tinh province died en masse after being infected with bird flu virus, confirmed the Head of the provincial Veterinary Department, Pham Thanh Binh on January 21.
When almost all of this family's ducks died suddenly in 3 days from January 17-19, the provincial Veterinary Department took a test sample and the result showed positive for the H5N1 virus.
Quarantine stations have been set up in Thach Quy ward to monitor and control the transport of fowl from this locality.
Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia
Quote from birdflucorner.wordpress.com(hat tip crofsblog)A resident of RT 03/ RW XVI Dukuh Josari Desa Wonorejo Jatiyoso, Wardi, 22 years old, presumably died of bird flu or avian influenza (AI) infection on Thursday (21/1).
Investigation of local newspaper Espos mentioned victim had high fever and lung infection. Head of Disease Control and Environment Health, Health Service of Kabupaten Karanganyar, Fatkhul Munir, confirmed the information above.
Fatkhul assumed victim had contracted bird flu virus in Cirebon. He had been sick when he returned back to Karanganyar, and finally died after had been admitted to hospital.
"Report mentioned victim had high fever and lung damage. Wardi also had contact history with birds," said Fatkhul.
Quote from www.expressbuzz.com(hat tip pfi/pixie)
Bird flu: Sea route sealed
Express News ServiceFirst Published : 26 Jan 2010 04:54:00 AM IST
KENDRAPARA: The Kendrapara district administration is on high alert after bird flu cases were reported in some parts of neighbouring West Bengal.
As an immediate action, sea routes in the district have been sealed to check the supply of poultry and chicks to the coastal pockets of the district, said District Collector Sishirkanta Panda.
''The officials of Mahakalapada and Rajnagar blocks have been directed to keep a close watch on the supply of poultry from West Bengal and the coast Guards and fishery officials too have been asked to prevent the supply of poultry through the sea routes to the coastal pockets'', added the Collector.
Around 23,000 poultry, including chicks, have been vaccinated within a month. ''The administration received 10,000 doses to vaccinate poultry'', said Dr G. Sar, CDVO of Kendrapara.
Kibbutz Ein Shemer, Israel
Quote from www.israelnationalnews.com(hat tip pfi/pixie)An outbreak of bird flu was discovered Tuesday night at a henhouse in Kibbutz Ein Shemer. The disease was found in a henhouse containing about 43,000 hens. Agriculture Ministry workers began Tuesday night marking off the birds to be culled. All agricultural production in the area has been shut down until further notice.
Quote from afludiary.blogspot.comMore at: http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2010/0...t-goes-on.htmlIda at The Bird Flu Information Corner has a translation this morning of a new report on the 41 year-old agricultural extension worker from West Java (reported yesterday by Crof on Crofsblog) hospitalized and suspected of H5N1 infection. This comes on top of the report of a 10 year-old similarly hospitalized from East Java yesterday.
The problem is, whether positive or negative, we rarely hear how these cases turn out.
Bird Flu Back in Two Provinces of Vietnam
Quote from english.people.com.cn(hat tip crofsblog)The Vietnam's national committee on bird flu prevention and control said here on Tuesday that bird flu has reappeared in two provinces of Vietnam with nearly 4,000 poultry infected with the disease.
In the country's Mekong Delta province of Ca Mau, there have been 3,000 chickens, ducks and swans found infected with bird flu in two districts of the province.
In the central Ha Tinh province, about 658 chickens and ducks have acquired the H5N1 virus and become ill or died. All these poultry have not been injected with vaccines, according to the committee.
Are they really saying that H1N1 and H5N1 are in the same location and affecting birds?
Quote from www.thedailystar.net(hat tip crofsblog)Some 531 chickens were culled at a poultry farm in Gazipur on Monday in presence of the district livestock officer after it was affected by bird flu virus H5N1.
The district livestock authorities culled some 932 chickens and 183 eggs to contain the spread of the virus within 12 hours of confirmation.
Talking to The Daily Star, Jaypurhat District Livestock Officer Dr Shahidul Islam said the newly affected farm was less than half a kilometre away from the previous one where H1N1 virus was confirmed on January 5.
While World Focused on Swine Flu, Bird Flu Kept Right on Trucking in 2009
For anyone unfamiliar with Scott McPherson's blog, he is the Chief Information Officer of the Florida House of Representatives. Scott is well connected to sources of information on H5N1 and other viruses. Scientists like to talk to him. I had the pleasure of meeting him personally when we both attended the last CIDRAP Conference in Minneapolis a few months ago. Dr. Osterholm of CIDRAP thinks highly enough of Scott's work that he invited him to be a presenter at that conference as a representative of the "new media" of bloggers focusing specifically on pandemic influenza. Scott is also one of the very nicest and smartest geeks that I have ever met. I am a big fan of his.
This recent commentary explains why there is still concern about H5N1 particularly with swine flu, H1N1 occurring in the same regions.
Quote from www.scottmcpherson.netRead the full commentary at: http://www.scottmcpherson.net/journa...-on-truck.html...the year 2009 shaped up as the fourth-worst year for human H5N1 cases on record, surpassed by (in order) 2006, 2005 and 2007 in terms of the sheer number of confirmed human cases. From 2008 to 2009, confirmed reported human bird flu cases jumped by 63% while deaths stabilized.
In 2010, we already are reading about more accounts of bird flu in poultry, in all the usual spots. This recent news, when combined with the 2009 data, should make us all more concerned than ever that a hybrid virus is more than just hypothetically possible. A glance at the WHO chart also shows us that the areas of the world where human H5N1 cases proliferate are also areas where the H1N1v virus is just beginning to make its inroads. China has recently announced it expects a constant flow of H1N1v human cases throughout 2010. China had 7 reported human bird flu cases in 2009, its third-highest year on record and the highest number since 2006.
Indeed, in those areas where H5N1 is assumed to be endemic, human cases are on par with previous years. For example, Egypt's 2009 human bird flu total (39) was 500% higher than 2008's (8). Vietnam's 5 cases was not statistically different than the previous two years. And in each and every one of those nations, H1N1v insinuates itself further and deeper rural villages and farms.
fujian h5n1 in israel?
i was wondering about that statement as well. how could they say that there was no danger to humans from h5n1 infected birds? who are they kidding? maybe they should ask the egyptians about this...
oth, i don't know if dr. niman is correct about the particular strain of h5n1. probably it doesn't matter. h5n1 is dangerous no matter what strain it is.
Quote from www.recombinomics.comthe health ministry said tuesday that the strain of bird flu discovered earlier would not infect humans.
the above comments from the israeli ministry of health raise concerns that the h5n1 outbreak reported to the oie is the fujian strain of h5n1 (clade 2.3.2).
the comments by the health ministry in israel were remarkably similar to comments from south korea when a soldier culler exhibited bird flu symptoms and was h5 positive. the fujian strain was responsible for most human h5n1 cases in china. however, at the time the human fujian cases had been clade 2.3.4. there was little reason to assume that clade 2.3.2 wouldn’t infect humans because human cases had been reported for clade 1 as well as clade 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3. therefore, it was likely that all sub-clades of 2.3 would be able to infect humans. in south korea the h5 virus was not isolated, so a formal report to who was not made and south korea remains free of human h5n1 cases. however, in early 2009 china did report a human infection involving clade 2.3.2. however, this distinction between 2.3.2 and 2.3.4 was not widely reported, so the israeli health ministry may still be assuming that the south koreans comments on human infections by clade 2.3.2 may still be accurate.
OIE Report: H5N1 In Israeli Poultry
So, what's the OIE? Well, the OIE is to animal health globally, what the WHO is to human health. In fact, the two organizations have certain similiarities. Many of our diseases originate in animals, and human health is often impacted by the health of the animals around us. By agreement, member states are required to report disease outbreaks such as H5N1 in birds and animals in their countries.
Quote from www.oie.intStatus
The OIE is an intergovernmental organisation created by the International Agreement of 25 January 1924, signed by 28 countries. In March 2009, the OIE totalled 173 Member Countries and Territories
To ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation
To collect, analyse and disseminate veterinary scientific information
To provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases
Within its mandate under the WTO SPS Agreement, to safeguard world trade by publishing health standards for international trade in animals and animal products
To improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services
The Office is placed under the authority and control of a World Assembly of Delegates consisting of Delegates designated by the Governments of Member Countries.
The day-to-day operation of the OIE is managed at the Headquarters situated in Paris, placed under the responsibility of a Director General elected by the International Committee. The Central Bureau implements the resolutions passed by the International Committee and developed with the support of elected Commissions:
The OIE's financial resources are derived principally from regular annual contributions backed up by voluntary contributions from Member Countries.Quote from afludiary.blogspot.comMore at: http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2010/0...i-poultry.htmlIsrael saw their first outbreaks of H5N1 in 2006, with a return in 2008. Their last OIE report was filed in August 2008.
The reassurance from the Health Ministry that `the strain of bird flu discovered earlier would not infect humans’, now rings hollow given the OIE report above.
While the danger to humans may be low, it certainly isn’t zero. Which makes this less than a sterling example of good risk communication.
Egyptian Media Reports 93rd & 94th Bird Flu Cases
I knew about case #93, but #94 was news to me as well.
Quote from afludiary.blogspot.comA 3-year old male patient in Assiut Governorate was confirmed as the 93rd human case of H5N1 infection in Egypt. The boy presented high fever, cough, runny nose and he was admitted to the Al-Ghanaem Hospital. Exposure to HPAI-infected birds is suspected.
 Ash Sharqiyah: 94th case
Date: Sat 23 Jan 2010
Source: youm7.com [in Arabic, machine trans., edited]
The Ministry of Health [MOH] and national sources reported the 94th confirmed human avian influenza (AI) case in a 45-year-old Ash Sharqiyah man. Additionally, 8 suspect human AI cases were recorded between 20 and 23 Jan 2010.
Jan 29, '10 by indigo girlSingapore to Stockpile Bird Flu Vaccine
Quote from afludiary.blogspot.comTHE Health Ministry will be buying about one million doses of H5N1 avian flu pre-pandemic vaccine soon.
The World Health Organisation's director-general, Dr Margaret Chan, had recently said that countries remain ill-prepared for mass outbreaks of the bird flu virus, which affects humans in contact with sick birds.
It has a mortality rate of more than 60 per cent, leading to fears that a pandemic with this strain of virus could prove lethal. Scientists also fear that it could achieve efficient human-to-human transmission at any time and trigger a pandemic.
Jan 30, '10 by indigo girlAvian Influenza A (H5N1) in Humans: Lessons from Egypt
Quote from www.eurosurveillance.org(hat tip crofsblog)...in the group of the 20-39-year-olds, women had a greater tendency to be infected and more women died post infection. Fifteen of 21 infected women in this age group died. These groups face the highest risk of exposure as it is mainly they who are involved in home slaughtering and defeathering of chicken and preparation of food, farm work and visits to infected farms. A recent study has analysed the age and sex bias with regards to the situation in Egypt , and it has been reported that farmers from other infected African countries believe that there is little or no risk of infection from culling, defeathering, home slaughtering and visit to infected premises [8,9]. In addition, failure of the government to pay compensation in Egypt for culled birds and the practice of keeping of poultry on rooftops and in close association with humans may have played a role. Although no association has yet been established between the level of exposure to avian influenza A(H5N1) and fatalities in Egypt, reports on workers in Asia showed that a high prevalence of infection in the poultry population is associated with a higher incidence of infection in humans, and that controlling such outbreaks of H5N1 influenza in the poultry flocks can stop human infection [7,10,11]. In addition, genetic characterisation of viruses from both the human and avian populations in Asia revealed that the viruses from both species were very similar [9,10].
According to our analysis, early hospitalisation following infection increased the chances of recovery. Children tend to be hospitalised earlier than adults and this may have contributed to the significantly lower death rate in the children (only two cases in children under the age of 10 years were fatal). Similarly, although 62 of the 85 cases were under 19 year-olds, this does not represent national demography since only approximately 32% of the population are 15 years and younger . In most parts of Africa, people are known to visit a hospital less frequently as they advance in age, and supposedly non life-threatening conditions such as seasonal influenza are often treated at home and therefore underreported .
The overall case fatality in this study was 32% (27/85). This percentage may appear small when compared with statistics from other places, for example 82% in Indonesia (115/141), 68% in Thailand (17/25), 66% in China (25/38) and 50% in Vietnam (56/111). Nevertheless, with the exceptional surge in number of cases (especially in children) arising in Egypt in 2009 and the recent reoccurrence of human cases of avian influenza A(H5N1) in China and Vietnam despite an intensive control programme in the poultry populations, the pandemic potential of this virus is still very evident. Case fatality was significantly higher in females compared with males, but whether this is related to exposure dose can not be confirmed in this analysis.
This research study available at: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/View...rticleId=19473