Cardiac Preload and Afterload - page 2

Hi, I need help from the professionals :) I am being tested tomorrow on cardiac and was wondering if anyone in the critical care field can explain preload and afterload in student nurses... Read More

  1. by   belahaven
    Are there any sites where you can get quizzed on hemodynamic monitoring-?
  2. by   joeyzstj
    Quote from belahaven
    Are there any sites where you can get quizzed on hemodynamic monitoring-? has an entire hemodynamic quiz/education program. Im not sure if the administrators will allow you to view a link to another website in this reply, but if so check it out. Its very informative.
  3. by   shocker29
    Quick and easy:

    Preload= stretch (the amount the ventricle has to stretch during diastole to accomodate volume)
    Afterload = resistance (the amount of resistance the ventricle has to overcome to push blood through the aortic valve)
  4. by   criticalHP
    Quote from jaquelynne
    Gross analogy, but works for me....

    Thing about flushing a toilet......
    you flush, and then flush again right away......nothing happens right? THis is because the tank doesn't have time to fill....PRELOAD is decreased in the tank.

    What if the toilet is plugged up? When you flush, it backs up....this is too much afterload.

    I love this mistake...everyone can relate to this!
  5. by   jangraciemom
    WHat great explanations to difficult concepts; will use them for my new nurses in ICU/CCU. Hikingcole should inform director of nursing dept of the professors' responses to questions and inability and indifference to questions in this area. Makes all educators look bad. Perhaps another faculty member should be teaching that class
  6. by   Chisca
    Quote from jmca26

    I am a student nurse and I need help from a professional
    I want to know why hypertension or high blood pressure is common in patient with diabetes mellitus how is this happen?

    One of the factors affecting blood pressure is the relaxation and contraction of the smooth muscle inside the blood vessels. Other factors are blood volume, heart rate, and contractility of the heart muscle. Diabetes stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system causing a constriction of these smooth muscles, a retention of sodium, and an inability to excrete excess water. As this cycle progresses the heart muscle becomes altered so that it loses it's abilty to stretch, the kidneys lose their abilty to filter blood ( more angiotensin released) and more water is retained. More volume in a constricted vessel equals high pressure.
  7. by   mom2angelson
    I can only say, WOW! This really gets the mud out of the gears. I just didn't get it the way the instructor was explaing it. Exam on Wed. and feeling better about it. THANKS!!
  8. by   xXtjhcXx
    Thank you for taking time to explain and give analogies about preload and afterload! I have an exam covering cardiac this coming Tuesday. I was so confused about the whole concept, but after reading many posts of caring nurses, I do understand it now! Thanks alot!
  9. by   lalunita
    I love the toilet analogy, that helps a lot! Thanks.
  10. by   CRNBSN18
    Quote from joeyzstj
    Think of preload in relation to a rubber band. If you remember back to Anatomy and Physiology class, there is an optimal point in which you can stretch a muscle fiber and it will have the most effiency. I belive its 120% of the orginal length of the muscle fiber. Sooooo..........think of a rubber band. You stretch it a little and let go and it barely moves. You pull it back farther and farther it really starts to snap back hard. You pull it back unti you cant pull it anymore and it snaps the strongest. This is the same concept as are Preloading the cardiac muscle sarcomere (muscle fibers) by giving volume we stretch the heart far enough that we get a good snap from the heart. Afterload is the resistance that the heart pumps against when it ejects the blood. Its actually the measurement of Left ventricular wall tension during systole. SO, we preload the heart with a certain volume and then we eject it. Now, afterload will be high if we have to eject that volume through something the size of a coffee stirer. Afterload will be low if we eject the volume through a vessel the size of a car tire. On a extra note, CHF is similar to us stretching that rubber band sooooo far that it loses its optimal stretch. We stretch it out so far that it is beyond that 120% point and is too lose and streched out to recoil well. That is CHF in essence.
    Wonderful explanation! I have a deep love for cardio! That's a good way of putting it, thanks! I'm only a student, so my deep love may very well change. But, I can honestly say that cardio is one of the only things that I can sit down to read and be completely locked into and intrigued by. I'm a cardio nerd! Heh. Thanks, again! I'll remember this.